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Advanced Placement: Collaboration on AP Between K-12 and Higher Education Systems

Advanced Placement (AP), first established in 1955 as a program for gifted students, has seen tremendous growth since the 1990s. This database provides information on state policies and programs to support AP offerings in the states.

Collaboration on AP between K-12 and higher education: AP programs can be costly to provide. Eleven states have adopted policies encourage or mandate that higher education assist K-12 in offering AP courses and materials. Information on AP distance learning programs supported by universities is included in the "encouraging access" data set. Information on AP teacher professional development opportunities supported by postsecondary institutions is included in the "teacher training" data set.

This information was collected from statutes, state board regulations and state education agency Web sites from April to August 2006, and will be updated as new policies and programs are enacted.

Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.

This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or

Collaboration on AP between K-12 and higher education systems
Arizona Yes. The Options for Excellence program administered by Arizona State University seeks to increase the number of challenging curriculum options in middle and high schools in the state, as well as the number of students demonstrating achievement in such options, as measured by International Baccalaureate (IB), CLEP and AP. The program serves "as a liaison between teachers, schools, and districts, and the IB, AP or ACT agencies that provide resources for rigorous school-wide curriculum and increase teacher performance."
Arkansas Yes. AP courses may be taught by employees of postsecondary institutions who meet the qualification requirements of that institution or the Department of Workforce Education and are teaching a credit-bearing course in an institution of higher education or a technical institute. Such instructors do not need to be certified to teach at the secondary level, but do need to attend College Board-approved summer institutes as do regular high school AP teachers.
California Yes. The Regents of the University of California have developed the High School Mathematics Professional Development Institutes, in collaboration with the Trustees of California State University and the independent colleges and universities. The institutes are to provide instruction on math pedagogy, including instruction in topics commonly found in high school math courses, that will increase teachers' ability to prepare students for the state achievement test, the high school exit exam, and AP and college coursework.
Florida Yes. "The levels of postsecondary education shall collaborate in further developing and providing articulated programs in which students can proceed toward their educational objectives as rapidly as their circumstances permit." Advanced placement is one of the time-shortened educational programs on which collaboration is mandated.

In addition, districts, community colleges and state universities are authorized to conduct AP instruction within dual enrollment courses.
Idaho Yes. "Dual credit may be granted for Advanced Placement, College Level Examination Program, or Tech Prep class offerings that are approved through an accredited institution of higher education."
Indiana Yes. The state board is authorized to approve AP courses offered by a public postsecondary institution in collaboration with a district if the postsecondary institution and the district demonstrate to the state board that the particular advanced placement course satisfies the objectives of the state's AP program, which "is established to encourage students to pursue advanced courses, particularly in math and science."
Kentucky Yes. 2002 legislation directs the state board to identify, in conjunction with the Council on Postsecondary Education, "resources at the secondary and postsecondary levels that can be directed toward advanced placement or dual enrollment instruction...."
Montana Yes. As part of the Montana Educational Telecommunications Network, the superintendent of public instruction is required to "[coordinate] with the commissioner of higher education and the units of the Montana university system to offer advanced placement courses, teacher inservice training, and other instruction through the network...."
Oregon Yes. AP is a component of the state's Expanded Options Program, which provides opportunities for students in grades 11 and 12 to earn postsecondary credit through dual credit technical preparation programs, such as two-plus-two programs, advanced placement and International Baccalaureate.
Utah Yes. The state board is directed to work with the board of regents to implement an AP program. "The delivery system and curriculum program [must] be designed and implemented to take full advantage of the most current available educational technology." The board of regents is required to ensure "college credit courses are taught in high school concurrent enrollment or advanced placement programs by college or university faculty or public school educators under the following conditions: (i) public school educators in concurrent enrollment programs must first be approved as adjunct faculty and supervised by a state institution of higher education; (ii) teaching is done through live classroom instruction or telecommunications; and ... (c) college credits obtained [through AP must] be accepted for transfer of credit purposes as if they had been obtained at any public institution of higher education within the state system."
West Virginia Yes. The West Virginia Advanced Placement Center is directed to assist and serve as a liaison for the College Board and the West Virginia Department of Education, county boards of education, institutions of higher education, the West Virginia advanced placement advisory council, the legislature and the governor.

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