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Virtual High Schools: Has the State Established a Statewide Virtual High School?

Statewide virtual high schools are typically established by the state legislature and administered by a state-level agency.

Why does it matter?

  • States benefit when they are not limited by a school's offerings.
  • Students benefit when they have equal (i.e. statewide) access to class offerings.
  • Students and districts benefit from having a central resource available.

  • Twenty-eight states have established statewide virtual high schools.
  • One of the programs (New Mexico) is a pilot program.
  • One has suspended new enrollments.

    Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agencies, and will be updated as new policies and programs are enacted.

    Sources for all data points are available through this link.

    Last updated: December 3, 2007

    Research conducted by Melodye Bush and Michael Colasanti. Please contact Melodye Bush (303.299.3631 or with comments or questions about this database.
  • Has the state established a statewide virtual high school?
    Alabama Yes, the Alabama Online High School, part of Alabama's ACCESS (Alabama Connecting Classroom, Educators and Students Statewide)
    Alaska No
    American Samoa No
    Arizona Yes, the Arizona Virtual Academy
    Arkansas Yes, the Arkansas Virtual High School
    California Yes, the University of California College Prep Online. New enrollment were suspended in the 2006-2007 school year; however, a new strategic plan will be put into place in Spring 2008 with new courses and new enrollees. 
    Colorado Yes, the Colorado Online Learning
    Connecticut Opening January 2008, Connecticut Virtual Learning Center is a pilot program.  Regulations have not been formalized.

    In February 2008, the state continues to recruit teachers for the Connecticut Virtual Learning Center.  They are specifically looking for teachers certified in earth science, health, U.S. history, civics, English, math, Chinese and forensic science.  Dozens of high schools in the state have asked to participate in the program.  The pilot program is available at no cost to school districts.  The primary focus of the program is twofold:  1) Courses for students at risk of falling behind or failing will be offered in algebra, geometry, English, civics and health; and 2) interesting electives that may not be available at many schools.  Curriculum has been approved by the State Department of Education's Bureau of Curriculum and Instruction and will be taught by certified teachers.
    Delaware No
    District of Columbia No
    Florida Yes, the Florida Virtual School
    Georgia Yes, the Georgia Virtual School
    Guam No
    Hawaii Yes, Hawaii's Electronic School, E-School
    Idaho Yes, the Idaho Digital Learning Academy
    Illinois Yes, the Illinois Virtual High School
    Indiana No
    Iowa Yes, Iowa Learning Online.  Iowa has not established a program in statute but appears, in practice, to have a statewide program.
    Kansas No
    Kentucky Yes, the Kentucky Virtual High School has recently been renamed Kentucky Virtual Schools.
    Louisiana Yes, the Louisiana Virtual School
    Maine No
    Maryland Yes, the Maryland Virtual Learning Opportunities
    Massachusetts No
    Michigan Yes, the Michigan Virtual School
    Minnesota No
    Mississippi Yes, the Mississippi Virtual Public School
    Missouri Yes, Missouri Virtual Instruction Program
    Montana No
    Nebraska No
    Nevada No
    New Hampshire No
    New Jersey No
    New Mexico Yes, a pilot program beginning in the 2007-2008 school year.
    New York No
    North Carolina Yes, the North Carolina Virtual Public School
    North Dakota Yes, the North Dakota Center for Distance Education
    Ohio No
    Oklahoma No
    Oregon Yes, the Oregon Virtual School District
    Pennsylvania No
    Puerto Rico No
    Rhode Island No
    South Carolina Yes, the South Carolina Virtual School
    South Dakota Yes, the South Dakota Virtual High School
    Tennessee No
    Texas Yes, the Texas Virtual School
    Utah Yes, the Electronic High School
    Vermont No
    Virgin Islands No 
    Virginia Yes, Virtual Virginia and the Virtual Advanced Placement School
    Washington No
    West Virginia Yes, the West Virginia Virtual School
    Wisconsin No; however, the Wisconsin Virtual School is a statewide supplemental program operated by a legislatively created agency. In July 2008, the state designated the Wisconsin Virtual School as their state-led Wisconsin Web Academy.
    Wyoming No

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