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Student Accountability Initiatives: No Pass No Drive

No-pass, no-drive is a policy in which a student's driver's license is revoked typically because of poor attendance (habitual truancy) and/or poor academic performance.

Why does it matter? Students need to know that attendance matters. A driver's license can serve as a meaningful incentive to attend school.

Highlights:

  • Twenty-seven states have "no-pass, no-drive" policies.
  • Seventeen states condition a student's driving privilege exclusively on compliance with attendance requirements.
  • Three states (Kansas, Louisiana and Oregon) revoke a student's driving privilege based exclusively on suspensions, expulsions or other disciplinary actions.
  • Four states (Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina and West Virginia) condition a student's driving privilege on compliance with attendance requirements and/or satisfactory academic progress in school.
  • Two states (Illinois and Indiana) revoke a student's driving privilege based on suspensions, expulsions or other safety infractions and/or non-compliance with attendance requirements.
  • One state (Tennessee) conditions a student's driving privilege on compliance with attendance requirements and/or satisfactory academic progress in school and revokes the driving privilege of a student who is suspended for a year or expelled.

  • Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agencies, and will be updated as new policies and programs are enacted.

    Sources for all data points are available through this link.

    Last updated: July 30, 2007

    Research conducted by Michael Colasanti. Please contact Jennifer Dounay Zinth at 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org with comments or questions about this database.

    No Pass No Drive
    Alabama
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: For students under 19, the state conditions the issuance of a driver's license on school enrollment and attendance.
  • Alaska
  • No
  • American Samoa
    Arizona
  • No
  • Arkansas
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students who have excessive absences or have dropped out will have their licenses revoked.
  • California
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A student who is a habitual truant may have his/her driving privileges revoked.
  • Colorado
  • No
  • Connecticut
  • No
  • Delaware
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A habitually truant student may have his/her driver's permit or license revoked.
  • District of Columbia
  • No
  • Florida
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must fulfill school attendance requirements to be eligible to drive.
  • Georgia
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or be enrolled in school to receive a driver's license.
  • Hawaii
  • No
  • Idaho
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must hold a high school diploma or its equivalent or be enrolled in school to receive a driver's license.
  • Illinois
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A graduated driver's license will not be issued to minors (who are not emancipated) unless they have either graduated from high school (or obtained a GED), enrolled in a course leading to a GED certificate or enrolled in an elementary or secondary school or college or university in the state. Students who have been expelled also face revocation of their driving privileges.
  • Indiana
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A driver's license can be withheld if the student is habitually truant, under a second suspension, is expelled or has dropped out.
  • Iowa
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Anyone under the age of 18 who does not attend school may not receive a driver's license.
  • Kansas
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students who violate certain school safety measures (possession of a weapon or controlled substance, inflicting serious injury to others) have their driving privileges revoked for one year.
  • Kentucky
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students age 16 and 17 have their licenses revoked for at least one semester if student does not pass four courses in preceding semester or if the student drops out.
  • Louisiana
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A suspension or expulsion from school (for 10 or more consecutive days) results in a revocation of a student's driver's license or his/her ability to obtain one.
  • Maine
  • No
  • Maryland
  • No
  • Massachusetts
  • No
  • Michigan
  • No
  • Minnesota
  • No
  • Mississippi
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must be enrolled in school and making satisfactory progress to obtain a driver's license.
  • Missouri
  • No
  • Montana
  • No
  • Nebraska
  • No
  • Nevada
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Minors who are adjudicated as habitual truants for the first time have their driver's license suspended for up to six months. A second adjudication results in a suspension of up to one year.
  • New Hampshire
  • No
  • New Jersey
  • No
  • New Mexico
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students classified as habitual truants may have their driving privileges revoked.
  • New York
  • No
  • North Carolina
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: To obtain a driver's license, a minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent, or a driving eligibility certificate (which requires enrollment in school and progress towards graduation.)
  • North Dakota
  • No
  • Ohio
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Minors who withdraw from school or are habitually absent can have their driver's permit or license revoked.
  • Oklahoma
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must be enrolled in school or have a high school diploma to receive a driver's license.
  • Oregon
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A school district may establish a policy to revoke a student's driving privileges if expelled for a weapons possession at school or if suspended at least twice for possession of controlled substances or violent behavior while at school.
  • Pennsylvania
  • No
  • Puerto Rico
  • No
  • Rhode Island
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Truant students may have their driving privileges revoked.
  • South Carolina
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students younger than 17 must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled and attending school in order to receive a driver's license.
  • South Dakota
  • No
  • Tennessee
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled and making satisfactory progress in school to receive a driver's license. Also, any students who have committed an offense resulting in a mandatory one year suspension or expulsion from school may have their driving privileges revoked for up to two years or until they turn 18.
  • Texas
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled in school to receive a driver's license.
  • Utah
  • No
  • Vermont
  • No
  • Virgin Islands
  • No
  • Virginia
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Evidence of compliance with the state's compulsory school attendance laws must be presented for a minor to obtain a driver's license.
  • Washington
  • No
  • West Virginia
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled and making progress in school.
  • Wisconsin
  • Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students who drop out of high school may have their driver's licenses revoked.
  • Wyoming
  • No


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