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State Boards of Education
State Board of Education
Alabama : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. The governor is an ex-officio, voting member, as well as the president, of the state board of education.
Alaska : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation by a majority of the members of the legislature in joint session. A student advisor and a military advisor are non-voting members.
Arizona : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. 8 of the 9 voting members are appointed by the governor. 1 of the 9 voting members, the chief state school officer, is elected. The chief state school officer is also an ex-officio member.
Arkansas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 10 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
California : K-12 Governance Structures There are 10 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Colorado : K-12 Governance Structures There are 8 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Connecticut : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. The commissioner of higher education serves as an ex-officio, non-voting member and 2 students serve as non-voting members.
Delaware : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Florida : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Georgia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 13 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Hawaii : K-12 Governance Structures There are 13 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. 1 student serves as a non-voting member.
Idaho : K-12 Governance Structures There are 8 voting members of the state board of education. 7 of the 8 voting members are appointed by the governor. 1 of the voting members, the chief state school officer, is elected. The chief state school officer is also an ex-officio member.
Illinois : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Indiana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 11 voting members of the state board of education. 10 of the voting members are appointed by the governor, 1 from each congressional district. No more than 6 of the 10 may be from the same political party, and at least 4 must be educators. The chief state school officer is a voting member (ex-officio) and chairs the board.
Iowa : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Kansas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 10 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Kentucky : K-12 Governance Structures There are 11 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor, with confirmation by the house of representatives and the senate. The executive director of the council on higher education is an ex-officio, non-voting member.
Louisiana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 11 voting members of the state board of education. 3 of the 11 voting members are appointed by the governor. 8 of the 11 voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Maine : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Maryland : K-12 Governance Structures There are 12 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Massachusetts : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. 7 of the 9 voting members are appointed by the governor. 1 of the 9 voting members, a high school student, is elected by the state student advisory council. 1 of the 9 voting members, the chancellor of higher education, is appointed by the board of higher education. The chancellor of higher education is also an ex-officio member.
Michigan : K-12 Governance Structures There are 8 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. The governor and chief state school officer are ex-officio, non-voting members.
Minnesota : K-12 Governance Structures There is no state board of education.
Mississippi : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. 5 of the 9 voting members are appointed by the governor, 2 of the 9 are appointed by the lieutenant governor and 2 of the 9 are appointed by the speaker of the house. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Missouri : K-12 Governance Structures There are 8 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Montana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. The governor, the commissioner of higher education and the chief state school officer are ex-officio, non-voting members.
Nebraska : K-12 Governance Structures There are 8 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Nevada : K-12 Governance Structures There are 10 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. One high school student council member, elected by the Nevada State Student Council, is an ex-officio, non-voting member.
New Hampshire : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
New Jersey : K-12 Governance Structures There are 13 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
New Mexico : K-12 Governance Structures There are 10 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
New York : K-12 Governance Structures There are 16 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the legislature. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
North Carolina : K-12 Governance Structures There are 13 voting members of the state board of education. 11 of the 13 members are appointed by the governor. 2 of the 13 voting members, the lieutenant governor and state treasurer, are elected. The lieutenant governor and state treasurer also are ex-officio, members. The teacher of the year, the principal of the year and one local school board member are ex-officio, non-voting members. One high school junior, one high school senior and one local superintendent are non-voting members.
North Dakota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. 6 of the 7 voting members are appointed by the governor. 1 of the 7 voting members, the chief state school officer, is elected. The chief state school officer is also an ex-officio member.
Ohio : K-12 Governance Structures There are 19 voting members of the state board of education. 8 of the 19 voting members are appointed by the governor. 11 of the 19 voting members are elected.The house education committee chairperson and the senate education committee chairperson are ex-officio, non-voting members.
Oklahoma : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. 6 of the 7 voting members of are appointed by the governor. 1 of the 7 voting members, the chief state school officer, is elected. The chief state school officer is also an ex-officio member. The governor, the secretary of state and the attorney general are ex-officio, non-voting members.
Oregon : K-12 Governance Structures There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. A local superintendent, a teacher and a student are non-voting members.
Pennsylvania : K-12 Governance Structures There are 21 voting members of the state board of education. 17 of the 21 voting members are appointed by the governor. 4 of the 21 voting members, the majority and minority chairpersons of the House of Representatives and Senate Education Committees or their respective designees from such committees, are elected. The chairmen and minority chairmen of the House of Representatives and Senate Education Committees or their respective designees from such committees are also ex-officio members. The chairperson of the Professional Standards and Practices Commision is an ex-officio, non-voting member.
Rhode Island : K-12 Governance Structures There are 11 voting members of the state board of education. 9 of the 11 voting members are appointed by the governor, including the chairperson of the board of governors for higher education or his/her designee. 2 of the 11 voting members, the chairperson of the senate finance committee or his/her designee and the chairperson of the house finance committee or his/her designee, are elected. The chairperson of the board of governors for higher education or his/her designee, the chairperson of the senate finance committee or his/her designee and the chairperson of the house finance committee or his/her designee are also ex-officio members.
South Carolina : K-12 Governance Structures There are 17 voting members of the state board of education. 1 of the 17 voting members is appointed by the governor. 16 of the 17 voting members are appointed by the legislature. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
South Dakota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Tennessee : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. The higher education commission executive officer is an ex-officio, non-voting member.
Texas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 15 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Utah : K-12 Governance Structures There are 15 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Vermont : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting and non-voting members are appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate. A secondary school student is a non-voting member.
Virginia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Washington : K-12 Governance Structures There are 10 voting members of the state board of education. 9 of the 10 voting members are elected by their local school board members in their respective congressional district. 1 of the 10 voting members, a private school representative, is elected by the members of the governing boards of the state-approved K-12 private schools and only votes on matters pertaining to private schools. The chief state school officer is an ex-officio, non-voting member, the governor or his/her appointee is an ex-officio, non-voting member and 2 students are non-voting members of the state board of education.
West Virginia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 9 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. The chief state school officer and the chancellor of the state higher education policy commission are ex-officio, non-voting members.
Wisconsin : K-12 Governance Structures There is no state board of education.
Wyoming : K-12 Governance Structures There are 11 voting members of the state board of education. All of the voting members are appointed by the governor. The chief state school officer is an ex-officio, non-voting member.


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