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Local School Boards
Local School Boards
Alabama : K-12 Governance Structures There are 128 local school boards. There are city school boards and county school boards. City school board members are appointed by the city council or commission, although the voters in certain municipalities may choose to elect their city school board members (The voters in 20 municipalities have chosen to elect their city school board members). County school board members are elected.
Alaska : K-12 Governance Structures There are 34 local school boards. There are borough school boards and city school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Arizona : K-12 Governance Structures There are 227 local school boards. There are common school district boards, joint common school district boards and union high school district boards. Local school board members are elected.
Arkansas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 310 local school boards. Local school board members are elected.
California : K-12 Governance Structures There are 985 local school boards (7 county boards of education are also counted as local school boards because they serve both the county and local levels). There are city school district school boards, elementary school district school boards (K-6 or K-8), high school district school boards (9-12), joint union school district school boards, unified school district school boards (K-12) and union school district school boards. Local school board members are elected. However, 3 of the 10 local school board members for the Oakland school district are appointed by the mayor, and 7 of the 10 members are elected.
Colorado : K-12 Governance Structures There are 178 local school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Connecticut : K-12 Governance Structures There are 169 local school boards and regional school boards. Local school board members and regional school board members are elected.
Delaware : K-12 Governance Structures There are 15 comprehensive school boards and 1 grades 6-12 school board. Local school board members are elected.
Florida : K-12 Governance Structures There are 67 county school boards. County school board members are elected.
Georgia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 181 local school boards. There are city school boards and county school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Hawaii : K-12 Governance Structures There are no local school boards.
Idaho : K-12 Governance Structures There are 114 local school boards. There are elementary school district boards, independent school district boards, joint school district boards and school district boards. Local school board members are elected.
Illinois : K-12 Governance Structures There are 892 local school boards. There are elementary school district school boards, high school district school boards, unit school district school boards and the Chicago school district school board. Local school board members are elected. However, local school board members for the Chicago school district are appointed by the mayor of Chicago.
Indiana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 290 local school boards. There are city school boards, common school corporation school boards, county school boards and school corporation boards. Members of 274 local school boards are elected, and members of 16 local school boards are appointed, depending on the school district, by the mayor, the county commissioner, the city council or a combination of these individuals and entities.
Iowa : K-12 Governance Structures There are 371 local school boards. There are community school boards and independent school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Kansas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 302 local school boards. Members of 301 local school boards are elected, and members of 1 local school board, the Fort Leavenworth unified school district 207 school board, are appointed by the commanding general of Fort Leavenworth.
Kentucky : K-12 Governance Structures There are 176 local school boards. There are county school boards and independent school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Louisiana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 68 local school boards. There are parish (county) school boards and city school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Maine : K-12 Governance Structures There are 286 local school boards. There are community school district school boards, municipal school district school boards, school administrative district school boards and union school district school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Maryland : K-12 Governance Structures There are 24 local school boards. There are county school boards and the Baltimore city school board. County school board members are either appointed by the governor or elected. In fact, local school board members in 9 counties are appointed by the governor and local school board members in 13 counties are elected. School board members for the Baltimore city school district are jointly appointed by the governor and the mayor of Baltimore, and school board members for the Prince George's county school district are jointly appointed by the governor and the county executive of Prince George's County.
Massachusetts : K-12 Governance Structures There are 315 local school committees. Local school committee members are elected. However, local school committee members for the Boston school district are appointed by the mayor of Boston.
Michigan : K-12 Governance Structures There are 553 local school boards. Local school board members are elected. However, 6 of the 7 local school board members for the Detroit school district are appointed by the mayor of Detroit, and 1 of the 7 members is appointed by the governor.
Minnesota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 343 local school boards. There are independent school boards and special school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Mississippi : K-12 Governance Structures There are 152 local school boards. There are consolidated school district school boards, county school district school boards and municipal school district school boards. Some local school board members are elected, while other local school board members are appointed.
Missouri : K-12 Governance Structures There are 524 local school boards. There are metropolitan school boards, seven-director school boards, special school boards and urban school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Montana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 454 local school boards. There are county high school district school boards, elementary school district school boards, high school district school boards, joint school district school boards and K-12 school district school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Nebraska : K-12 Governance Structures There are 500 local school boards. There are elementary school boards, K-12 school boards and secondary school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Nevada : K-12 Governance Structures There are 17 local county school boards. County school board members are elected.
New Hampshire : K-12 Governance Structures There are 176 local school boards. Local school board members are elected.
New Jersey : K-12 Governance Structures There are 551 local school boards. There are consolidated school boards, type I school boards and type II school boards. Consolidated school board members are appointed by county superintendents. Type I school board members are appointed by the mayor or other chief executive officer of the municipality constituting the district. Type II school board members are either elected or appointed by the mayor or other chief executive officer of the municipality constituting the district. Local school board members for the Jersey City, Paterson and Newark school districts are appointed by the state board of education and the chief state school officer.
New Mexico : K-12 Governance Structures There are 89 local school boards. Local school board members are elected.
New York : K-12 Governance Structures There are 705 local school boards. There are central school district boards, central high school district boards, city school district boards, common school district boards, community school district boards and union free school district boards. Members of central school district boards, central high school district boards, common school district boards and union free school district boards are elected. School board members in city school districts with fewer than 125,000 people are elected. There are 5 city school districts with over 125,000 people (Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, New York City and Yonkers). In Rochester, Buffalo and Syracuse board members are elected. In New York City 5 of the 13 members are appointed by the 5 borough presidents and 8 of the 13 members, including the chancellor of public instruction who serves as chairperson, are appointed by the mayor. In Yonkers city school district board members are appointed by the mayor. There are also 32 community school district boards in the New York City school district. Members of community school district boards are elected.
North Carolina : K-12 Governance Structures There are 117 local school boards. There are city school boards and county school boards. Members of 14 city school boards and 100 county school boards are elected, and members of 3 city school boards are appointed by city councils.
North Dakota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 220 local school boards. There are graded elementary school district school boards, high school district school boards, K-12 school district school boards and rural school district school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Ohio : K-12 Governance Structures There are 612 local school boards. There are city school district school boards, exempted village school district school boards, local school district school boards and a municipal school district school board in the Cleveland school district. City school district school board members, exempted village school district school board members and local school district school board members are elected. The members of the municipal school district school board in the Cleveland school district are appointed by the mayor of Cleveland.
Oklahoma : K-12 Governance Structures There are 543 local school boards. There are elementary school boards and independent school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Oregon : K-12 Governance Structures There are 199 local school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Pennsylvania : K-12 Governance Structures There are 501 local school boards. There are first class school boards, second class school boards, third class school boards, fourth class school boards and joint school boards. Local school board members are elected, although several school districts are currently governed by appointed panels. In Philadelphia, a 5-member school reform commission consists of 3 appointees of the governor and 2 appointees of the mayor. Two other school districts, Harrisburg and Chester Upland, operate under the authority of state-appointed boards of control. In each of these instances, the locally elected school board continues to serve but with limited authority.
Rhode Island : K-12 Governance Structures There are 33 local school boards. Local school board members are elected. However, local school board members for the Providence school district are appointed by the mayor and local school board members for the Central Falls school district are appointed by the state.
South Carolina : K-12 Governance Structures There are 85 local school boards. Local school board members are either appointed by certain governmental bodies, such as county school boards, or elected.
South Dakota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 172 local school boards. There are operating K-12 school boards and contracting K-12 school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Tennessee : K-12 Governance Structures There are 136 local school boards. There are city school boards, county school boards and special school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Texas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 1,043 local school boards. There are common school district school boards, common consolidated county-line school district school boards, common consolidated school district school boards, independent school district school boards, municipal school district school boards and rural high school district school boards. Members of 1,038 local school boards are elected, and members of 5 school boards, which are located on military bases, are appointed by the state board of education.
Utah : K-12 Governance Structures There are 40 local school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Vermont : K-12 Governance Structures There are 281 local school boards. There are incorporated school boards, interstate school boards, joint school boards, town school boards and union school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Virginia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 134 local school boards. There are city school boards, county school boards and town school boards. There is 1 school board that is a combination of a city and a county. City and town school board members are either appointed by the governing body of the city or elected. County school board members in counties with a county manager or a county board form of government are appointed by boards of county supervisors. County school board members in single county school distircts are appointed by a school board selection commission or elected.
Washington : K-12 Governance Structures There are 296 local school boards. Local school board members are elected.
West Virginia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 55 county school boards. County school board members are elected.
Wisconsin : K-12 Governance Structures There are 426 local school boards. There are common school district school boards, elementary school district school boards, unified school district school boards and union high school district school boards. Local school board members are elected.
Wyoming : K-12 Governance Structures There are 48 local school boards. There are elementary school boards (K-8) and unified school boards (K-12). Local school board members are elected.


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