Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • Fax: 303.296.8332 • www.ecs.org
Local Superintendents
Local Superintendents
Alabama : K-12 Governance Structures There are 128 local superintendents. There are city superintendents and county superintendents. City superintendents are appointed by city school boards. 27 county superintendents are appointed by county school boards and 40 are elected.
Alaska : K-12 Governance Structures There are 34 local superintendents. There are borough superintendents and city superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Arizona : K-12 Governance Structures There are 227 local administrative officers, which may be common school district superintendents, joint school district superintendents, union high school district superintendents, principals or head teachers. Local administrative officers are appointed by local school boards.
Arkansas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 310 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
California : K-12 Governance Structures There are 975 local superintendents. There are city school district superintendents, elementary school district superintendents (K-6 or K-8), high school district superintendents (9-12), joint union school district superintendents, unified school district superintendents (K-12) and union school district superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Colorado : K-12 Governance Structures There are 178 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Connecticut : K-12 Governance Structures There are 169 local superintendents and regional superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards, and regional superintendents are appointed by regional school boards.
Delaware : K-12 Governance Structures There are 15 comprehensive superintendents and 1 grades 6-12 superintendent. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Florida : K-12 Governance Structures There are 67 county superintendents. County superintendents are elected, although local electors may choose to make county superintendents appointed by county school boards. In fact, 44 county superintendents are elected and 23 are appointed by county school boards.
Georgia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 181 local superintendents. There are city superintendents and county superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Hawaii : K-12 Governance Structures There are no local superintendents.
Idaho : K-12 Governance Structures There are 111 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Illinois : K-12 Governance Structures There are 880-890 local superintendents. There are elementary school district superintendents, high school district superintendents, unit school district superintendents and the Chicago school district superintendent. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards. However, the Chicago school district superintendent is appointed by the mayor of Chicago.
Indiana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 290 local superintendents. There are city superintendents, common school corporation superintendents, county superintendents and school corporation superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Iowa : K-12 Governance Structures There are 353 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Kansas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 300 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Kentucky : K-12 Governance Structures Local school board members are elected. There are county superintendents and independent superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Louisiana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 68 local superintendents. There are parish (county) superintendents and city superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Maine : K-12 Governance Structures Local school board members are elected. There are community school district superintendents, municipal school district superintendents, school administrative district superintendents and union school district superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Maryland : K-12 Governance Structures There are 22 county superintendents, the Baltimore city chief executive officer and the Prince George's county chief executive officer. County superintendents and the Prince George's county chief executive officer are appointed by county school boards. The Baltimore city chief executive officer is appointed by the Baltimore city school board.
Massachusetts : K-12 Governance Structures There are 244 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school committees.
Michigan : K-12 Governance Structures There are 553 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Minnesota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 326 local superintendents. There are independent superintendents and special superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Mississippi : K-12 Governance Structures There are 152 local superintendents. There are consolidated school district superintendents, county school district superintendents and municipal school district superintendents. Some local superintendents are elected, while other local superintendents are appointed.
Missouri : K-12 Governance Structures There are 524 local superintendents. There are metropolitan superintendents, seven-director superintendents, special superintendents and urban superintendents. Local superintendents are apponted by local school boards.
Montana : K-12 Governance Structures There are 210 local superintendents. There are county high school district superintendents, elementary school district superintendents, high school district superintendents, joint school district superintendents and K-12 school district superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Nebraska : K-12 Governance Structures There are 300 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Nevada : K-12 Governance Structures There are 17 county superintendents. County superintendents are appointed by county school boards.
New Hampshire : K-12 Governance Structures See “Regional Superintendents” section.
New Jersey : K-12 Governance Structures There are 551 local superintendents. There are consolidated superintendents, type I superintendents and type II superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
New Mexico : K-12 Governance Structures There are 89 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
New York : K-12 Governance Structures There are 705 local superintendents. There are central school district superintendents, central high school district superintendents, the chancellor of public instruction in the New York City school district, city school district superintendents, common school district superintendents and union free school district superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards. However, in the New York City school district, the chancellor of public instruction is appointed by the mayor and the community school district superintendents are appointed by the chancellor of public instruction.
North Carolina : K-12 Governance Structures There are 117 local superintendents. There are city superintendents and county superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
North Dakota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 211 local superintendents. There are high school district superintendents and K-12 school district superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Ohio : K-12 Governance Structures There are 612 local superintendents. There are city school district superintendents, exempted village school district superintendents, local school district superintendents and a municipal school district superintendent in the Cleveland school district. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards. However, the municipal school district superintendent in the Cleveland school district is appointed by the mayor of Cleveland.
Oklahoma : K-12 Governance Structures There are 538 local superintendents. There are elementary superintendents and independent superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Oregon : K-12 Governance Structures There are 199 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Pennsylvania : K-12 Governance Structures There are 501 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Rhode Island : K-12 Governance Structures There are 33 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
South Carolina : K-12 Governance Structures There are 85 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
South Dakota : K-12 Governance Structures There are 104 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Tennessee : K-12 Governance Structures There are 136 local superintendents. There are city superintendents, county superintendents and special superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Texas : K-12 Governance Structures There are 1,043 local superintendents. There are common school district superintendents, common consolidated county-line school district superintendents, common consolidated school district superintendents, independent school district superintendents, municipal school district superintendents and rural high school district superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Utah : K-12 Governance Structures There are 40 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Vermont : K-12 Governance Structures There are no local superintendents.
Virginia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 133 local superintendents. There are city superintendents, county superintendents, single county superintendents and town superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Washington : K-12 Governance Structures There are 246 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
West Virginia : K-12 Governance Structures There are 55 county superintendents. County superintendents are appointed by county school boards.
Wisconsin : K-12 Governance Structures There are 425 local superintendents. Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.
Wyoming : K-12 Governance Structures There are 48 local superintendents. There are elementary superintendents (K-8) and unified superintendents (K-12). Local superintendents are appointed by local school boards.


© 2013 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education.
To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please fax a request to the attention of the ECS Communications Department, 303.296.8332 or e-mail ecs@ecs.org.
Helping State Leaders Shape Education Policy