Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • Fax: 303.296.8332 • www.ecs.org
Postsecondary Feedback Systems
Postsecondary feedback systems detailed in this database refer to reports sent to high schools that demonstrate the performance of the high school's recent graduates in postsecondary education. In most cases, the report is prepared by a higher education governing body as a result of a statutory provision; but a number of the reports are prepared on the initiative of the governing body itself. A handful of states include this feedback data on their district and school accountability report cards, and others mandate that the data be used for school improvement purposes. With some exception, the information included in the reports are for the students' freshman year performance.

The postsecondary feedback systems database is designed to allow state policymakers to consider the rationale behind various systems initiatives, determine the policies in place in their state and elsewhere, and consider policy options used in other states that may benefit students and schools in their own state.

This database includes information on:

1. States that have a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts

Why does it matter?
  • High schools need to be able to gauge how well they have prepared their students.
  • State leaders need a better picture of how high schools and postsecondary systems are aligned.


  • Twenty-three states have postsecondary feedback systems. Nineteen of those states mandate the feedback report through legislation; in the other four states, the report is produced on the initiative of the higher education board. Two states, Montana and Tennessee, provide postsecondary information to high schools but are technically considered not to have a "statewide" system.

    2. Types of postsecondary institutions that must report data

    Why does it matter? It is important that high schools have all of the available data to help them improve. If only some of the public postsecondary institutions report, high schools will only be able to see a part of the picture.

    Feedback report data is constrained by the types of institutions that report. Unless otherwise specified in statute, the higher education boards can only compel the institutions under their jurisdiction to report data. Currently, only three feedback reports contain data from private and independent institutions. Delaware's report is based on surveys sent to students, and does not include data from the institutions themselves.

    3. Recipients of reports

    Why does it matter? Feedback reports ought to be sent to recipients who have the capability of utilizing the data to improve student success in postsecondary education.

    Twenty-two states send their reports directly to the high school and/or district. Three states send the reports to the department of education or other state-level entity to be utilized and distributed at their discretion.

    4. Areas of information included in the report

    Why does it matter? Selecting the right indicators of performance is critical for an accurate and truthful assessment.

    For this database, the areas of information in the feedback reports are broken into three categories: information about the high school, postsecondary enrollment and postsecondary performance. The most common performance measure contained in the feedback reports is remediation rates. Other areas of information included in the reports are persistence rates and first year grade point averages. Seventeen states include remediation rates in their reports, while seven include persistence rates. Delaware and South Carolina also include employment information for those graduates who did not continue with postsecondary education.

    5. Feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public

    Why does it matter? Communities have the right to know how well schools are preparing students for postsecondary education.

    Currently, four states include feedback data on their accountability report cards. One state, Ohio, will include the data beginning in 2012.

    6. Schools and districts required to use the data for school improvement purposes

    Why does it matter? Requiring schools and districts to use the data creates the opportunity to develop strategies aimed at improving the success of their graduates in postsecondary education.

    Four states currently mandate that the reports are to be used for improvement purposes. For example, in Florida, the state board of education must ensure that each district and high school develop strategies to improve student readiness for postsecondary education.

    Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agencies, and will be updated as new policies and programs are enacted.

    Last updated: June 17, 2008

    Research by Michael Colasanti. Please contact Jennifer Dounay Zinth at 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org with questions or comments about this database.
    Alabama
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Alabama Commission on Higher Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report 2-year and 4-year Alabama public colleges and universities
    Recipient of report All high schools in the state and the Alabama State Board of Education
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. High school code
    2. High school name
    3. Number of graduates

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in multiple Alabama public colleges
    2. Number enrolled in Alabama public colleges
    3. Enrollment status (part-time or full-time)

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number enrolled in remedial courses (math and English)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: ALA. CODE § 16-5-7(e)(1)
    Institution type: Alabama Commission on Higher Education, High School Report
    Recipient: ALA. CODE § 16-5-7(e)(1)
    Areas of information: Alabama Commission on Higher Education, High School Report

    Alaska
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    American Samoa
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Arizona
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Arizona Board of Regents
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report Each community college district and all institutions under the jurisdiction of the board of regents
    Recipient of report The report is first sent to the president of the senate, the speaker of the house of representatives, the superintendent of public instruction and the state board of education. The superintendent then sends the report to each high school included in the report.
    Areas of information included in the report According to statute, the report must include the number of graduates of the school who were enrolled in the institution during the reporting period and information about the academic performance of graduates of the school in mathematics and English courses.
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 15-1822
    Institution type: ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 15-1822(A)
    Recipient: ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 15-1822(A),(C)
    Areas of information: ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 15-1822(A)(1)-(2)

    Arkansas
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Arkansas Department of Higher Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report 2-year and 4-year Arkansas public institutions
    Recipient of report All high schools and districts in the state
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. High school code
    2. High school name

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in public 2-year and 4-year institutions (by institution)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? Yes, the school performance report must include information regarding college remediation rates for each high school.
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? Yes, the state board of education must ensure that each school district and high school develops strategies to improve student readiness for the postsecondary level based on annual analysis of the feedback report data.
    Sources Feedback system: ARK. CODE ANN. § 6-15-2401(a)(1)
    Institution type: Arkansas Department of Higher Education, First-Time-Entering Freshmen Graduating in 2006 from Arkansas High Schools
    Recipient: ARK. CODE ANN. § 6-15-2401(b)
    Areas of information: Arkansas Department of Higher Education, First-Time-Entering Freshmen Graduating in 2006 from Arkansas High Schools
    Report card: ARK. CODE ANN. § 6-15-1402(b)(3)(A)(xii)
    School improvement: ARK. CODE ANN. § 6-15-2401(b)

    California
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Colorado
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Colorado Commission on Higher Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All state supported institutions of higher education
    Recipient of report District superintendents, who distribute the report to high schools at their discretion
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school name

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in public higher education

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number (and percent of total) assigned to remediation in at least one discipline
    2. Number assigned to remediation in each discipline (math, writing, reading)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: COLO. REV. STAT. § 23-1-119
    Institution type: COLO. REV. STAT. § 23-1-119(2)
    Recipient: Dr. Julie Carnahan, Chief Academic Officer, Colorado Department of Higher Education
    Areas of information: Colorado Department of Higher Education, Colorado Public High Schools Completers Assigned to Remediation in Colorado Public Higher Education (Appendix A of department's April 6, 2007 agenda)

    Connecticut
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Delaware
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Delaware Department of Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report The report is a survey sent to students and does not directly involve the postsecondary institutions.
    Recipient of report All high schools in the state
    Areas of information included in the report According to statute, the report must include information regarding postsecondary or employment status. For postsecondary information, the report includes enrollment status (part-time or full-time), major area of study and name of institution where student is enrolled. The employment information must include employment status (part-time or full-time), name and address of employer, industry in which student is employed and the student's salary.
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: DEL. CODE ANN. tit. 14, § 156(d)
    Institution type: DEL. CODE ANN. tit. 14, § 156(d)
    Recipient: Melvin D'Souza, Education Associate, Vocational Support and Data Analysis, Delaware Department of Education
    Areas of information: DEL. CODE ANN. tit. 14, § 156(d)(1)-(3)

    District of Columbia
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Florida
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Florida Department of Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All public postsecondary institutions and public career centers
    Recipient of report All district school boards in the state, the state board of education, the board of governors and the legislature
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school code
    3. High school name

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in public 2-year and 4-year institutions

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number tested, number ready and percent ready by subject (math/reading/writing/all subjects)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? Yes, as a part of the school improvement plan the state board of education must ensure that each school district and high school develops strategies to improve student readiness for the public postsecondary level based on annual analysis of the feedback report data.
    Sources Feedback system: FLA. STAT. ch. 1008.37
    Institution type: FLA. STAT. ch. 1008.37(1)
    Recipient: FLA. STAT. ch. 1008.37(1),(3)
    Areas of information: Florida Department of Education, Readiness for College 2001-2002: State Summary by District and School
    School improvement: FLA. STAT. ch. 1008.37(4)

    Georgia
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Georgia Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia. The report is produced on the initiative of the university system and is not mandated by the legislature.
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report Public 2-year and 4-year institutions under the jurisdiction of the University System of Georgia
    Recipient of report The report is sent to high schools, district superintendents and the state superintendent of education.
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. High school name

    Enrollment
    1. Name of college/university
    2. Number of freshmen enrolled from this high school
    3. Number of freshmen enrolled from all public high schools
    4. Number of freshmen enrolled from private high schools
    5. Total number of Georgia freshmen enrolled
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? Yes, the school accountability report includes postsecondary remediation rates.
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: Cathy Hudson, Georgia Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia
    Institution type: Georgia Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia, High School Feedback Report
    Recipient: Cathy Hudson, Georgia Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia
    Areas of information: Georgia Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia, High School Feedback Report
    Report card: Georgia Governor's Office of Student Achievement, School Reports

    Guam
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Hawaii
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Idaho
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Illinois
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report Nine public 4-year institutions in the state
    Recipient of report The report must be submitted annually to each high school attendance center located in the state.
    Areas of information included in the report According to statute, the report must include, but is not limited to, the following information: the number of high school graduates enrolled in each public university and the major of each; the number of high school graduates who have withdrawn from each public university; and student performance in university coursework.
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: 110 ILL. COMP. STAT. 305/8a
    Institution type: 110 ILL. COMP. STAT. 305/8a
    Recipient: 110 ILL. COMP. STAT. 305/8a
    Areas of information: 110 ILL. COMP. STAT. 305/8a

    Indiana
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Iowa
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Kansas
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Kentucky
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report The public colleges and universities in Kentucky and independent institutions that choose to participate
    Recipient of report The feedback reports are sent to the high schools in the state, the district superintendents' offices and the school board members.
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school name
    3. Mean cumulative high school GPA (by postsecondary institution type)
    4. Mean ACT score of students in higher education (by subject and institution type)

    Enrollment
    1. Number and percent enrolled in higher education (by institution type and name)
    2. Number and percent entered as full-time students
    3. Number and percent entered with undeclared degree status
    4. Number and percent entered a certificate or diploma program
    5. Number and percent entered a 2- or 4-year program
    6. Percent enrolled who are identified as having developmental needs

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Percent of students earning a "C" or better in college-level English and math (by developmental need)
    2. Mean GPA at end of freshman year (by developmental need)
    3. One semester postsecondary retention rate (by developmental need)
    4. First to second year retention rate (by developmental need)
    5. Median number of credits earned during first year (by developmental need)
    6. Percent of KEES (scholarship) recipients who maintained award in second year
    7. Declared college major
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: 13 KY. ADMIN. REGS. 2:020
    Institution type: Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education, High School Feedback Report
    Recipient: Charles McGrew, Director of Information and Research, Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education
    Areas of information: Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education, High School Feedback Report

    Louisiana
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Louisiana Department of Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All state colleges and universities. Two-year and private institutions that wish to participate may do so.
    Recipient of report All city and parish school systems
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school code
    3. High school name
    4. Number of graduates

    Enrollment
    1. Number and percent enrolled full-time in higher education

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number and percent of full-time freshmen in remedial courses
    2. Number and percent in "good standing"
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: LA. REV. STAT. § 17:3912(D)
    Institution type: LA. REV. STAT. § 17:3912(D)(1)
    Recipient: LA. REV. STAT. § 17:3912(D)(2)
    Areas of information: Louisiana Department of Education, Louisiana First-Time College Freshmen State Report

    Maine
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Maryland
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Maryland Higher Education Commission
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All public 2-year and 4-year institutions and 14 state-aided independent institutions
    Recipient of report The reports are sent to the county superintendents and high school principals.
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school name
    3. Number of graduates

    Enrollment
    1. Number and percent enrolled in college
    2. Number and percent enrolled in college who took ACT or SAT

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Percent core/non-core curriculum students needing remediation in college (by remedial need, by gender and race, and by postsecondary institution)
    2. Percent with "C" or better in first math and English course (by core/non-core, by postsecondary institution, and by gender and race)
    3. Average grade in first math and English course (by core/non-core, by postsecondary institution, and by gender and race)
    4. Cumulative GPA after first year (by core/non-core, by postsecondary institution, and by gender and race)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: MD. EDUC. CODE ANN. § 11-703(5)
    Institution type: Maryland Higher Education Commission, Student Outcome and Achievement Report
    Recipient: Maryland Higher Education Commission, Student Outcome and Achievement Report
    Areas of information: Maryland Higher Education Commission, Student Outcome and Achievement Report

    Massachusetts
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Michigan
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Minnesota
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All institutions under the jurisdiction of the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities
    Recipient of report Minnesota Department of Education
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school name
    3. Number of graduates

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in public higher education
    2. Enrollees as a percent of high school graduates

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number and percent of enrollees who took at least one developmental course
    2. Enrollees in developmental courses as percent of high school graduates
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: MINN. STAT. § 13.32(6)(b)
    Institution type: Minnesota State Colleges and Universities, Getting prepared: A 2005 report on recent high school graduates who took developmental/remedial courses
    Recipient: MINN. STAT. § 13.32(6)(b)
    Areas of information: Minnesota State Colleges and Universities, Getting prepared: A 2005 report on recent high school graduates who took developmental/remedial courses

    Mississippi
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Missouri
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Missouri Department of Higher Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All public 2-year and 4-year institutions
    Recipient of report All public high schools in the state
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school name
    3. Number of students who took ACT
    4. Average ACT score

    Enrollment
    1. Number of first-time freshmen (by gender and race)
    2. Number enrolled in second fall semester

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Percent of students in remedial math/English/reading
    2. Number and percent who completed first fall and first spring
    3. Cumulative GPA for first fall and spring
    4. Freshman to sophomore retention rate
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: MO. REV. STAT. § 173.750
    Institution type: MO. CODE REGS. ANN. tit. 6, § 10-4.040(1)(E)
    Recipient: MO. REV. STAT. § 161.610(4)
    Areas of information: Missouri Department of Higher Education, High School Graduates Report

    Montana
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No, but the Montana University System does produce a high school feedback report that is distributed only when the individual high school requests it. The report is produced on the initiative of the university system and is not mandated by the legislature.
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report The 2-year and 4-year colleges that are part of the Montana University System
    Recipient of report The reports are sent to high schools only when requested.
    Areas of information included in the report (High school-level report is not available to the public; the following is information from the county-level report)

    High School
    1. County name

    Enrollment
    1. Percent of students enrolling in higher education the following semester after graduation
    2. Percent of students enrolling the following fall after freshman year

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Percent of students enrolling in at least one remedial math or English course
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: Tyler Trevor, Associate Commissioner for Research, Technology & Communication, Montana University System
    Institution type: Montana University System, High School Follow-Up Report
    Recipient: Tyler Trevor, Associate Commissioner for Research, Technology & Communication, Montana University System
    Areas of information: Montana University System, High School Follow-Up Report

    Nebraska
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Nevada
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Nevada System of Higher Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report Public institutions under the jurisdiction of the Nevada System of Higher Education
    Recipient of report The board of trustees for each school district
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. County name
    2. High school name

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in NSHE institution
    2. Postsecondary institution name

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number enrolled in remedial courses (English/math/both)
    2. Percent of graduates enrolled in remediation
    3. Remedial credit hours/total cost ($)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? Yes, the report card must include the percentage of recently graduated students enrolled in remedial courses.
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: NEV. REV. STAT. 396.548
    Institution type: Nevada System of Higher Education, Remedial Report
    Recipient: NEV. REV. STAT. 396.548
    Areas of information: Nevada System of Higher Education, Remedial Report
    Report card: NEV. REV. STAT. 385.3469(1)(y)

    New Hampshire
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    New Jersey
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    New Mexico
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    New York
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    North Carolina
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the University of North Carolina
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All constituent institutions of the University of North Carolina and the community colleges under the jurisdiction of the state board of community colleges and any private institutions that wish to participate
    Recipient of report All public high schools
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. High school name
    2. Number of graduates
    3. Average class rank (by postsecondary institution)
    4. Average math and verbal SAT score (by postsecondary institution)

    Enrollment
    1. Number of graduates that applied to postsecondary institution (by institution and by race and gender)
    2. Number of applicants who did not meet admission requirements (by institution and by race and gender)
    3. Percent of applicants that were accepted to postsecondary institution (by institution and by race and gender)
    4. Number of applicants enrolled in postsecondary institution (by institution and by race and gender)

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Percent with GPA greater than 2.0/3.0 (by postsecondary institution)
    2. Percent returning for second semester/second year (by postsecondary institution)
    3. Percent returning second year with GPA greater than 2.0 and credits earned greater than 30 (by postsecondary institution)
    4. Percent in remedial English, regular freshmen English, or advanced placement in English (by postsecondary institution)
    5. Percent in remedial math, other math, college algebra, or calculus or above (by postsecondary institution)
    6. Percent in honors program (by postsecondary institution)
    7. Percent in more than one remedial course (by postsecondary institution)
    8. Average credit hours earned by subject area (by postsecondary institution)
    9. Average course grade by subject area (by postsecondary institution)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? The state board of education requires the local boards of education to provide to parents information contained in the feedback reports with the exception of confidential student information contained in the report.
    Sources Feedback system: N.C. GEN. STAT. § 116-11(10a)(b)
    Institution type: N.C. GEN. STAT. § 116-11(10a)
    Recipient: N.C. GEN. STAT. § 116-11(10a)
    Areas of information: University of North Carolina, Freshmen Applications and Freshmen Performance Measures
    School improvement: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-12(18)(c)

    North Dakota
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Ohio
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Ohio Board of Regents
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All state-assisted colleges and universities
    Recipient of report All local school districts in the state
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. County/district name
    2. High school name
    3. Number of graduates
    4. Percent with valid course data
    5. Percent who took at least a minimum core, who took a complete core, who took AP, who took college courses, who took ACT or SAT
    6. Average college-readiness score (ACT scale)

    Enrollment
    1. Percent of student who completed the FAFSA
    2. Percent who are first generation college students

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Average first-term GPA
    2. Percent who are attending full-time
    3. Percent who are taking remedial courses
    4. Percent of first to second year persistence (any Ohio institution)
    5. Percent who transferred to other Ohio institution
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No; however, by July 2012 feedback data will be added to the report.
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: OHIO REV. CODE ANN. § 3333.041
    Institution type: OHIO REV. CODE ANN. § 3333.041
    Recipient: OHIO REV. CODE ANN. § 3333.041
    Areas of information: Ohio Board of Regents, Profile of Recent High School Graduates Enrolled as First-Year College Students in Autumn 2003 Outcomes by High School of Graduation
    Report card: OHIO REV. CODE ANN. § 3302.032

    Oklahoma
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All Oklahoma public colleges and universities
    Recipient of report All high schools in the state
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. County name
    2. High school name
    3. ACT site code

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in public higher education

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number and percent in remediation (science, English, math, reading, unduplicated)
    2. Number with GPA by range (0.0-1.6, 1.7-1.9, 2.0-2.9, 3.0+)
    3. Total semester hours taken
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? Yes, the Academic Performance Index (part of the school report card) includes as an indicator the college remediation rate.
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: OKLA. STAT. tit. 70, § 1210.531(C)
    Institution type: Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, Oklahoma High School Indicators Project: Headcount, Semester Hours, and GPA Report, Remediation Rates
    Recipient: OKLA. STAT. tit. 70, § 1210.531(C)
    Areas of information: Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, Oklahoma High School Indicators Project: Headcount, Semester Hours, and GPA Report, Remediation Rates
    Report card: OKLA. STAT. tit. 70, § 3-150(A)(7)

    Oregon
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Oregon University System. The report is produced on the initiative of the university system and is not mandated by the legislature.
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All Oregon University System institutions (4-year) 
    Recipient of report All Oregon high schools and the Oregon Department of Education.
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. High school name
    2. Average SAT score (math, verbal and combined)
    3. Average GPA
    4. Student performance on the 10th grade benchmark (by subject area)

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in higher education (by OUS institution)
    2. Persistence rate (by OUS institution)

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Average college GPA (by subject area and overall)
    2. Average college GPA (by subject area and overall) grouped by state assessment
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: Bob Kieran, Director, Institutional Research Services, Oregon University System
    Institution type: Oregon University System, Entering Freshman Profile for Oregon High Schools
    Recipient: Bob Kieran, Director, Institutional Research Services, Oregon University System
    Areas of information: Oregon University System, Entering Freshman Profile for Oregon High Schools

    Pennsylvania
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Puerto Rico
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Rhode Island
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    South Carolina
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the South Carolina Department of Education
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All institutions of higher learning in the state
    Recipient of report All state high schools
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school name
    3. Number of graduates

    Enrollment
    1. Number and percent of graduates who entered freshman class, 2-year/4-year institution, technical college degree, in-state/out-of-state, other schools, gainful employment, armed forces, other activities

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number passed/failed/received no credit in 13 different subject areas
    2. Percent of completed courses passed
    3. (The student-level report also contains information on what developmental classes were required and the student's GPA.)
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: S.C. CODE ANN. § 59-39-120
    Institution type: S.C. CODE ANN. § 59-39-120
    Recipient: S.C. CODE ANN. § 59-39-120
    Areas of information: South Carolina Department of Education, Summary Of All 2004-05 South Carolina High School Completers Enrolled in 2005-06 College Freshmen Classes in South Carolina and Other States

    South Dakota
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the South Dakota Board of Regents. The report is produced on the initiative of the board and is not mandated by the legislature.
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All postsecondary institutions under the jurisdiction of the board of regents
    Recipient of report All high schools in the state
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. High school name
    2. Number of students who took ACT
    3. Average ACT score

    Enrollment
    1. Number of graduates enrolled in bachelor's program
    2. Number of graduates enrolled in associate's program

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Number of students whose placement exam indicates need for remediation (English and math)
    2. Number of students enrolled in remedial courses (English, math and unduplicated)
    3. Average GPA (English, math, general education and unduplicated)
    4. Number of students enrolled in general education courses
    5. Number of students who attempted 31 credit hours
    6. Number of students who earned 31 credit hours
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: Dr. Paul Turman, Director of Academic Assessment, South Dakota Board of Regents
    Institution type: South Dakota Board of Regents, High School Transition Report
    Recipient: Dr. Paul Turman, Director of Academic Assessment, South Dakota Board of Regents
    Areas of information: South Dakota Board of Regents, High School Transition Report

    Tennessee
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No, but the Tennessee Higher Education Commission, in concert with ACT, does develop an annual "High School to College Success Report" for all public and private high school graduates who took the ACT (averaging over 90% of Tennessee high school graduates) and who continue to public higher education in the state. The report is produced through a collaborative effort between the Tennessee Higher Education Commission and ACT, and is not mandated by the legislature.
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All public 2-year and 4-year institutions
    Recipient of report All public and most private high schools in the state. (Reports are generated for any high school graduating a student who took the ACT. Since an average of over 90% of Tennessee high school graduates — 96% of 2007 graduates — take the ACT, in practice this translates to all public and most private high schools in the state.)
    Areas of information included in the report Note: "Local" refers to high school for high school-specific reports, and to districtwide for district-specific reports.

    High School
    1. High school name or district name (reports for individual high schools have high school name only; reports for districts have district name only)
    2. High school GPA
    3. Local and statewide ACT composite test scores for all students

    Enrollment
    1. Local and statewide students who did/did not persist into year 2 — fall college GPA and first-year college GPA
    2. Local and statewide students who returned/did not return to the same campus in year 2 — ACT composite score and high school GPA

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Fall college GPA for local and statewide students — all students and students assigned to developmental courses
    2. Average fall college GPA for students who did/did not earn ACT college readiness scores across test subjects
    3. Percent "below" and "at or above" a 2.50 fall college GPA by math course sequence taken in high school
    4. Percent "below" and "at or above" a 2.50 fall college GPA by science course sequence taken in high school
    5. Local and statewide fall college GPAs by ACT college readiness standards score ranges
    6. Fall college GPA by ACT college readiness standards score ranges and test subjects
    7. Local and statewide ACT composite test scores for all students taking developmental courses by high school core course-taking
    8. Local and statewide fall college GPAs for all students and for students taking developmental courses by high school core course-taking
    9. Local and statewide average ACT scores for students assigned to developmental coursework in college across test subjects
    10. Local and statewide students who did/did not receive a state scholarship — ACT composite score and first year GPA
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: Tennessee Higher Education Commission ACT Feedback Reports Web page; David Wright and Christine Luce, Tennessee Higher Education Commission
    Institution type: Tennessee Higher Education Commission ACT Feedback Reports Web page; Christine Luce, Tennessee Higher Education Commission
    Recipient: Tennessee Higher Education Commission ACT Feedback Reports Web page; Christine Luce, Tennessee Higher Education Commission
    Areas of information: Tennessee Higher Education Commission ACT Feedback Reports Web page

    Texas
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All public postsecondary institutions
    Recipient of report All high schools or junior colleges last attended
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. County name
    2. District name
    3. Number of graduates

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in public or independent 2- and 4-year postsecondary institutions
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? The feedback report is part of the larger Performance Report produced by the board of trustees in each district in the state. The performance report must be used as a "primary consideration" in district and school planning and in evaluating the performance of state education institutions and leaders.
    Sources Feedback system: TEX. EDUC. CODE § 51.403(e)
    Institution type: Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, High School to College Linkages Report
    Recipient: TEX. EDUC. CODE § 51.403(e)
    Areas of information: Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, High School to College Linkages Report; TEX. EDUC. CODE § 51.403(e)
    School improvement: TEX. EDUC. CODE §§ 39.053, 39.054

    Utah
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Vermont
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Virgin Islands
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Virginia
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Washington
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All community and technical colleges
    Recipient of report All high schools in state
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. District name
    2. High school name
    3. Number of graduates

    Enrollment
    1. Number of graduates enrolled in higher education
    2. Number of enrollees as a percent of high school graduates
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: WASH. REV. CODE § 28B.10.685
    Institution type: WASH. REV. CODE § 28B.10.685
    Recipient: WASH. REV. CODE § 28B.10.685
    Areas of information: Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Recent High School Graduates by College

    West Virginia
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts Yes, reported through the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission. The report is produced on the initiative of the commission and is not mandated by the legislature.
    Types of postsecondary institutions that must report All public 2-year and 4-year institutions
    Recipient of report All high schools and county superintendents
    Areas of information included in the report High School
    1. County name
    2. High school name
    3. ACT composite score
    4. Percent who took ACT core
    5. Percent greater than 18 subscore in ACT English
    6. Percent greater than 19 subscore in ACT math

    Enrollment
    1. Number enrolled in higher education

    Postsecondary Performance
    1. Fall/Spring credits attempted
    2. Average Fall/Spring GPA
    3. Percent who completed 30 credit hours in first year
    4. Percent in developmental math/English in first year
    5. Percent in any developmental course in first year
    Is this feedback data included in school and/or district report cards to the public? No
    Are schools and/or districts required to use this data for school improvement purposes? No
    Sources Feedback system: Karen Martin, West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission
    Institution type: West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission, Performance of High School Students Enrolled in Public Colleges and Universities
    Recipient: Karen Martin, West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission
    Areas of information: West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission, Performance of High School Students Enrolled in Public Colleges and Universities

    Wisconsin
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No

    Wyoming
    Postsecondary Feedback Systems
    State has a system to provide postsecondary feedback to high schools/districts No



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