P-16/P-20 Councils: Made Permanent by Executive Order or Statute
Councils have been established by executive order in 11 states, by statute in 10 states, and through voluntary agreements in 14 states. In two states (Delaware and Louisiana), councils were established by executive order and later codified through legislation. In Montana and Utah, councils were created by a board of education resolution.
It should be noted that in many states, an executive order or legislation has either made permanent or reconstituted a council initially created through a voluntary agreement. This database indicates the method of creation of the current P-16 or P-20 council in each state.
Why does it matter?
Policy matters. ECS believes that policy helps institutionalize practice.
Our goal is to document where the underlying authority lies, and where consensus has been strong enough to adopt a common approach.
Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.
Methodology: ECS performed an initial search of statutes, regulations and executive orders. However, because many P-16 and P-20 councils are established independently of these means, ECS conducted interviews with and had all data verified by at least one contact in the state (typically a P-16 or P-20 council member or staff member supporting the council).
Last update: May 28, 2008
This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or firstname.lastname@example.org.