Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • Fax: 303.296.8332 •
P-16/P-20 Councils: Source of Council's Funding

Twenty-two councils receive state funds (funds to support the council's work are built into participating agencies' budgets or the council receives a legislative appropriation). Nine councils receive foundation, business, or other outside support, while 11 councils receive no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support). The funding status is unknown for four councils. Because some councils receive more than one source of funding, the totals exceed the number of councils in existence.

Why does it matter?

  • While it is commendable that some councils have achieved results through "pro bono" efforts by participating agencies, funding supports can ensure dedicated personnel and some staff capacity for follow-through and communication efforts.
  • Foundation and business community support can provide above and beyond what government coffers can make available.
  • Not having fiscal support can reduce the risk that councils will take on work that duplicates other entities' efforts.
  • Not having fiscal support can reduce the risk that councils will be beholden to outside funders' interests or expectations.

Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.

Methodology: ECS performed an initial search of statutes, regulations and executive orders. However, because many P-16 and P-20 councils are established independently of these means, ECS conducted interviews with and had all data verified by at least one contact in the state (typically a P-16 or P-20 council member or staff member supporting the council).

Last update: May 28, 2008

This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or

Source of council's funding
Arizona State funds support staff positions. Private and Tribal grants support the council’s initiatives.
Arkansas Commission receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
California The council's work is supported by the state department of education budget and by support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the James Irvine Foundation, and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.
Colorado The council's work is supported by the Daniels Fund, the Donnell-Kay Foundation, the Rose Community Foundation, the El Pomar Foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) grant from Intel Corporation all help support the work of the council.
Connecticut To be determined
Delaware The council's work is supported by the state department of education and state board of education budgets.
Georgia As of May 2008, funding is included in the budgets of the participating agencies.
Hawaii The council's work is supported by the budgets of the University of Hawaii System and state department of education, as well as federal and private foundation grants.
Illinois The council's work is funded through state appropriations and supported by the governor's office, in coordination with relevant state agencies, boards and commissions.
Indiana Legislative appropriation and foundation funds. In 2005-2007, Indiana received a National Governors Association Honor State grant, which helped support the council's work.
Kansas No outside funds. The department of education and board of regents will provide any necessary financial support.
Kentucky Council receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
Louisiana Blue Ribbon Commission for Educational Excellence: The council's work is viewed as a joint effort of the governor's office, board of regents and board of elementary and secondary education (BESE), with each agency providing support where available. So, for example, the governor's office has provided telephone lines, the board of regents helps cover travel costs and costs for speakers when necessary, and the BESE has provided support for specific needs that fall under its purview.

High School Redesign Commission: Funds to cover travel costs are provided by the budget of the High School Redesign Office in the department of education.
Maine No information available as of May 2008.
Maryland Council receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
Minnesota The council's work is supported by the budgets of participating agencies.
Mississippi To be determined
Missouri The council's work is supported by federal workforce in education grant through the U.S. Department of Labor.
Montana Council receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
Nebraska As of April 2008, the council's work is supported by three tiers of financial commitment:

The "senior partners" provide funding for the council's operating budget, and include the Nebraska State Government, Nebraska Department of Education, University of Nebraska and EducationQuest Foundation.

The "sponsoring organizations" provide some financial support for the council's work, and include the Nebraska Council of School Administrators, Nebraska Association of School Boards, Nebraska State College System, Association of Independent Colleges & Universities of Nebraska, Nebraska State Education Association, Nebraska Community College Association, Nebraska Business-Higher Education Forum, Greater Omaha Chamber of Commerce and Lincoln Chamber of Commerce. The Nebraska State Government–representing the Governor’s Policy Research Office, State Budget Office, Nebraska Department of Economic Development, Nebraska Health and Human Services Commission, Coordinating Commission for Postsecondary Education and Nebraska Legislature's Education Committee–also began providing financial support in 2006.

The "supporting organizations" provide in-kind support for the council, and include the Omaha Archdiocesan Schools, Nebraska Association for the Education of Young Children, Nebraska PTA, Mexican American Commission, Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Lincoln Chapter).
Nevada Council receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
New Hampshire Council receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
North Carolina Funds to support the Education Cabinet come from the governor's budget.
Ohio The council's work is supported by the legislature through the biennial budget process–$150,000 is appropriated through the board of regents to provide the funds for salaries of staff supporting the partnership, and $150,000 is appropriated per year to the department of education to support the council operations (2007-2009 biennium).
Oklahoma Steering committee receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
Oregon Modest legislative appropriation but mainly supported through participating state agencies (department of education, department of community colleges and workforce development, state university system).
Pennsylvania STEM: National Governors Association and Team Pennsylvania Foundation
PASSHE Regional Councils: Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education (PASSHE), the Pennsylvania Department of Education and various state and federal grants as well as foundation funding
Rhode Island The council's work is supported by various sources, including the governor's office infrastructure. The board of governors for higher education provides meeting space; funds to hire consultants for various projects have come from the higher education and K-12 agencies' budgets. The 2005-2007 National Governors Association Honor State grant helped support discrete initiatives endorsed by council.
South Carolina Legislative support for the council is built into the department of education's budget.
South Dakota Council receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
Tennessee Council receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
Texas The council's work is supported by the agency under the purview of the council chairman (chairmanship alternates between the Texas Education Agency and the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board). As of March 2008, the higher education coordinating board is supporting the council.
Utah Alliance receives no outside funds (participating agencies provide "pro bono" support).
Virginia The council was supported in 2005-2007 by the National Governors Association Honor States Grant. While no new funding was included in the state's most recent budget, the secretary of education’s office will provide support to the council’s needs.
Washington Funding for the council's work is assumed in the current resources of the office of financial management (the governor's budget office).
West Virginia The council's work is supported by the governor's office.
Wisconsin Some Title II funds provided the seed funds for the creation of the council. The University of Wisconsin pays some of the council's operating costs; other agencies co-chairing the council (Department of Public Instruction, Wisconsin Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, and Wisconsin Technical College System) also provide funds and in-kind contributions (staffing, materials, facilities for meetings, etc.)
Wyoming The council is a 501(c)3. The council has been provided some start-up funding from a Wyoming Department of Education administered grant. In addition, the council is operating the Wyoming State Scholars Initiative (SSI) and because of the overlap between SSI goals and the Wyoming Hathaway Success Curriculum, the work of the council is indirectly supported by SSI funds.

Perhaps unique to the Wyoming P-16 Education Council, one of the council's four subgroups is a "sustainability" group, whose lead member has been involved with major foundations in the state. The council's ultimate goal is to be supported by three revenue sources: (1) State government/legislative contributions; (2) Foundation support; and (3) Private business.

© 2013 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education.
To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please fax a request to the attention of the ECS Communications Department, 303.296.8332 or e-mail
Helping State Leaders Shape Education Policy