Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • Fax: 303.296.8332 • www.ecs.org
High School-Level Accountability: Indicators

Accountability refers to the systematic collection, analysis and use of information to hold schools, educators and others responsible for student performance. Standards-based accountability refers to collecting and reporting information based on student progress on achieving established standards.

For determining the quality of schools, states select one set of indicators -- typically measures of gains in student achievement or elements perceived to influence those gains. For reporting to the public, most states select a broader (and/or sometimes different) set of indicators. The "indicators used for reporting" help provide parents and the community with a richer picture of school performance, but they are not the basis for determining school quality. Only the core "indicators/measures of quality" are used to determine performance.

This database provides 50-state information on the indicators, notifications/supports, sanctions and rewards established in state policy in response to state-level accountability initiatives. Policies relate to high school-level (not district-level) accountability.

1. What is NOT included in this database:

A. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) requires states to prepare and disseminate an annual state report card. The state agency also must ensure each local district collects appropriate data and includes this data at the district level and for each school in its annual report. Information to be reported includes:

  • Aggregated achievement information on state assessments in reading/language arts, mathematics and science.
  • Performance of Local Education Agencies (LEAs) towards making adequate yearly progress (AYP), including identifying numbers, names and percentages of schools in need of improvement.
  • Data on teacher qualifications, including number of teachers with emergency certification and percentages of classes not taught by "highly qualified" teachers.

Because NCLB requires these same measures to be used in public reports in every state, they are not included here. Only state-mandated indicators/measures used for reporting are included in this database.

B. The NCLB requires states to calculate AYP on a set of common indicators. Where these indicators are ALSO part of the state accountabiity system, they are included. Where they are used for NCLB purposes only, they are not included. For example, the state definition of AYP must include graduation rates for public high schools, so one can assume that graduation rates are always one component of the "indicators/measures of quality" for determining AYP. Graduation rates as a measure of quality, then, are not included in this database unless they are part of the state-mandated accountability measures.

2. What IS included in this database:

High school:

  • Indicators/measures of quality
  • Indicators used for reporting
  • Notification and Supports
  • Sanctions
  • Rewards

All states appear to follow the guidelines established for calculating AYP under the NCLB act, but in some cases this happens in practice rather than having been institutionalized through policy. (For example, a state Accountability Workbook or Plan might include actions for which no formal policy has been established.) This database reflects enacted or adopted state accountability policies, not practice established outside of policy.

Note: Participation rate is mentioned as an indicator in a number of states. Participation rate is the number of students who participated in the statewide assessment and is used in calculating AYP.


 
1. Indicators

This database seeks to address the following questions:

1A
. What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance? Although all states include graduation rate as an indicator, only one state includes college remediation.

Why does it matter:
  • Selecting the right indicators is critical for an accurate and truthful assessment of a school's performance.
  • Selecting the right indicators can make for a richer body of evidence by which a school's performance can be assessed. 
  • Broad agreement on a set of indicators can lead to more confidence in the accountability system.
  • Longitudinal data can provide a research base for directing change.


  • 1B.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    Six states report on school safety issues, and one reports on college remediation rate for high schools.

    Why does it matter?
  • Reporting on a broader set of measures can provide a fuller picture of performance.
  • The right choice of reporting indicators can provide a more accurate picture to parents, the legislature, state leaders and the general public.
  • Reporting the data by subgroups allows public review of how well a school is meeting the needs of all students.
  • Selecting the right indicators for public reporting can increase parental and general public confidence that the education system is aware of problems and planning to address them.
  • Measuring and publicizing results are only part of the education improvement process. 
  • Methodology: Policies were collected from state statutes, recently enacted legislation (session laws), and rules and regulations. Where necessary, statewide initiatives created outside of policy were collected from state education agencies. The information will be updated as changes occur.

    Last updated:  October 2007

    Research was conducted by Melodye Bush.  Please contact Melodye Bush at 303-299-3631 or mbush@ecs.org with comments or questions about this database.

    Alabama
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • Student achievement, including a comparison of current school year with the previous five years on assessments
    • Dropout rate
    • Attendance rate
    • Graduation rate
    • College attendance rate
    • School safety and discipline
    • Any other data deemed necessary by the local board.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    • The financial status of each school.
    • Student Achievement Report, including a comparison of test scores for the past five years, dropout data, attendance rates, graduation rates, college attendance and any other data deemed necessary to inform the public about the student achievement in each school.
    • Information about safety and discipline in each school.
    Sources Indicators: ALA. CODE §§ 16-6B-3, 16-6B-7; ALA. ADMIN. CODE r. 290-4-1-.01

    Alaska
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • Multiple student measures, including student achievement of essential skills and the Benchmark Test Accountability Points
    • Graduation rate
    • Average daily attendance rate.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    1. Indication of school accreditation including the date and the level of accreditation
    2. The number and percentage of students that achieved each proficiency level
    3. The number and percentage of students in each subgroup that achieved each proficiency level
    4. Comparisons between all students and subgroups with the district and with the state's measurable objectives'
    5. The number and percentage of students in each grade who passed the high school graduation qualifying exam for each subject
    6. The number and percentage of students not tested, including subgroups
    7. The number and percentage of students tested who are in the top quartile and the bottom quartile for each grade and each subject
    8. The number and percentage of students in each grade who passed the high school graduation qualifying examination for each subject.
    9. Information regarding school accountability designations and teacher qualifications
    10. Graduation rate for high schools for all students and for each subgroup comparing graduation rate for other schools in the district and the state as a whole
    11. Description of student, parent, community and business involvement in student learning
    12. Number of school-business or interagency partnerships the school has entered into under written agreement.
    Sources Indicators: ALASKA ADMIN. CODE tit. 4, §§ 06.805, 06.825, 06.895

    Arizona
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • Standardized test scores 
    • Results of the English language learners tests
    • Annual dropout rate
    • Annual graduation rate.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    • Description of the school's regular, magnet and special instructional programs
    • Last three years of school assessment information.
    • Expenditure per pupil for supplies, instruction, administration, student support services, administrative support services and operations.
    • Total number of incidents occurring on school grounds, school buses or at school sponsored events that required the contact of law enforcement officers.
    • Description of social services available at the school site.
    • Description of transportation services available.
    • Description of the responsibilities of parents of children enrolled in the school.
    • Description of the responsibilities of school to parents of children enrolled in the school.
    • Description of composition of duties of the school council.
    Sources Indicators: ARIZ. REV. STAT. § 15-746,  15-806, 15-1492

    Arkansas
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • Performance on “End of Course Geometry"
    • Performance on “End of Course Algebra 1"
    • Literacy tests
    • Graduation rate.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    • School safety
    • Discipline
    • Per pupil spending
    • Assessment of the local taxpayer investment in the school district
    • Average salary of the staff
    • College remediation rate for high schools
    • Collegiate admission test results.
    Schools are also encouraged to incorporate the school improvement plan in the reporting.
    Sources Indicators: ARK. CODE ANN. §§ 6-15-404, 6-15-2201, 6-15-1402

    California
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?  The Academic Performance Index (API) is based on a variety of indicators, including:
    • Achievement on the standards-based and norm-referenced state tests, and the high school exit assessment
    • Attendance for student and staff
    • Graduation rates.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    • Progress toward reducing dropout rates
    • Estimated expenditures per pupil and types of services funded
    • Number of misassigned teachers
    • The annual number of schooldays dedicated to staff development for the most recent three-year period
    • Quality and currency of textbooks and other instructional materials, including: whether textbooks and materials meet state standards; the ratio of textbooks per pupil; year the textbooks were adopted; availability of sufficient textbooks and other instructional materials in the following subject areas:
      • Core curriculum areas of reading/language arts, mathematics, science, and history/social science
      • Foreign language and health
      • Science laboratory equipment for grades 9 to 12
      • Visual and performing arts.
    • Availability of qualified personnel to provide counseling and other pupil support services (including the ratio of academic counselors per pupil).
    • Safety, cleanliness and adequacy of school facilities.
    • Suspension and expulsion rates for the most recent three-year period.
    • The percentage of graduates who have passed course requirements for entrance to the state university, including the course requirements for high school graduation and the percentage of pupils enrolled in those courses.
    • The number of advanced placement courses offered, by subject.
    • The percentage of pupils, disaggregated by subgroups, completing grade 12 who successfully complete the high school exit exam compared to the percentage in the district and statewide.
    • Contact information for organized opportunities for parental involvement.
    • Career technical education data measures, including:
      • A list of programs offered that are aligned to the model curriculum standards and program sequences.
      • Identification of courses conducted by a regional occupational center or program and those conducted directly by the school district.
      • A listing of the primary representative of the career technical advisory committee of the school district and the industries represented.
      • The number of pupils participating in career technical education.
      • The percentage of pupils that complete a career technical education program and earn a high school diploma.
      • The percentage of career technical education courses that are sequenced or articulated between a school and institutions of postsecondary education.
    Sources Indicators: CALIF. EDU. CODE §§ 33126, 52055.55

    Colorado
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • Schools are rated primarily based on student achievement and improvement on all Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP) assessments for reading, writing, math and science
    • Curriculum-based achievement scores and college entrance exams administered by the public school
    • Graduation rate for all applicable subgroups.

     

    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    • Questions directed to parents designed to highlight programs heightening student academic performance and progress toward meeting the federally defined adequate yearly progress
    • Safety and school environment, after school and community programs
    • Student dropouts and graduation rate
    • Staff information and number of professional development days
    • Qualification for any accountability awards
    • A list of ten schools of the same school level is the region, but within seventy-five miles, with comparison of the overall academic performance and growth ratings
    • Assessment scores for Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP) and college entrance exams
    • Comparison of CSAP performance by the school, the district and the state for at least three years
    • School revenue and expenditures, including source of revenue and use of the funds.
    Sources Indicators: COLO. REV. STAT. §§ 22-7-603.5, 22-7-605; COLO. CODE REGS. § 301-46

    Connecticut
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • State test results
    • Types of supplemental instructional services provided to students who are not proficient in language arts and math
    • Percent of students retained in grade
    • Percent of students enrolled in bilingual or English as a second language programs
    • Percent of students enrolled in special education
    • Performance on Connecticut Academic Performance Test (CAPT)
    • Dropout rate
    • Graduation rate 
    • Graduate follow-up data
    • Any other qualitative or quantitative information that the school believes demonstrates progress in achieving success.

    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    • Students per instructional computer
    • SAT reasoning test
    • Disciplinary offenses
    • Gender of teachers and administrators
    • Ratio of students to support staff
    • State test results
    • Types of supplemental instructional services provided to students who are not proficient in language arts and math
    • Percent of students retained in grade
    • Percent of students enrolled in bilingual or English as a second language programs
    • Percent of students enrolled in special education.
    Sources Indicators: CONN. GEN. STAT. § 10-223e, State Department of Education Circular Letter: C-9, May 31, 2002

    Delaware
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • The state assessments of reading/language arts and mathematics
    • In calculating the percent proficient each year, the state will average the most recent two years of percent proficient (including the current year’s percent proficient) and compare the results to the current year percent proficient. The highest percent proficient score will be used to determine the AYP status.
    • Graduation rate.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
    • The percentage of students not tested in reading/language arts and mathematics for student subgroups
    • Information that provides a comparison between the actual achievement levels of student subgroups meeting proficiency and those that have not met proficiency
    • The number and names of each school identified as "Under School Improvement"
    • School district revenues, expenditures, tax rates and wealth
    • Information pertaining to parent and community involvement in the school and the school district
    • Examples of exemplary programs, successful teaching and school climate.
    Sources Indicators: DEL. CODE ANN. 14 §§ 124A14, 103.1.1; DEL. ADMIN CODE §§ 100.104.1

    District of Columbia
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
    • Assessment in math
    • Assessment in reading
    • Participation rate
    • Graduation rate.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?  No information available
    Sources Indicators: D.C. Code 38-2806

    Florida
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?  A school's performance grade category designation is based on a combination of:

    • Student achievement scores
    • Student learning gains as measured by annual Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) assessments in grades 3 through 10
    • Improvement of the lowest 25th percentile of students in the school in reading, math, or writing on the FCAT, unless these students are performing above satisfactory performance.
    • Graduation rate.
    What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?  Information shall include the school's grade based on a combination of:
    • Student achievement scores
    • Graduation rates
    • Learning gains as measured by the annual Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) assessments in 9th and 10th grade
    • Improvement of the lowest 25th percentile of students in the school
    • Information regarding school improvement
    • Indicators of return on investment.

    The state requires that school report cards be delivered, not just available, to parents.

     

    Sources Indicators: FLA. STAT. ANN. §§ 1008.33, 1008.34, 1008.345

    Georgia
    Indicators for High School Accountability
    What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance? The performance indicators of student achievement and school performance must be based on information that is disaggregated with respect to ethnicity, sex, disability, language proficiency, and socioeconomic status and must include: 
    • The results of assessment instruments aggregated by grade level and subject area
    • Dropout rates
    • Student attendance
    • School completion rates
    • The percentage of students who passed the Georgia high school graduation test 
    • The percentage of graduating students who meet the course requirements established for the recommended high school program by State Board of Education rule
    • The percentage of students taking end-of-course assessment instruments
    • The percentage of high school students who pass the end-of-course assessment instrument in core subjects
    • The results of the Scholastic Assessment Test or the ACT Assessment
    • The percentage of students taking alternate assessments
    • The average time that a student placed in an early intervention program remains before attaining grade level status and returning to regular status
    • Any other indicator the office of education adopts.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Individual school and school system ratings established by the office of student achievement
      • Academic excellence indicators
      • Teacher-student ratios
      • Administrative and instructional costs per student and other financial accounting information as may be required.
      Sources Indicators: GA. CODE ANN. §§ 20-14-33, 20-14-34

      Hawaii
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Graduation rate
      • Standardized test scores
      • Annual dropout rate
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Information on student achievement at each proficiency level
      • Information providing a comparison between actual achievement levels and measurable objectives
      • Aggregate information on graduation rates
      • Breakdown of professional qualifications of teachers and percentage of classes not taught by highly qualified teachers disaggregated by poverty status of schools
      • Whether the school has been identified as needing improvement and how long school has been identified as needing improvement
      • Comparison of achievement of students in the school with that of students statewide
      • Summary of school progress
      • Safety and well being
      • Civic responsibility of individual students
      • Parent and community involvement.
      Sources Indicators: HAWAII REV. STAT. §§ 302A-201, 302A-1004

      Idaho
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessment of reading, language usage, math, science and writing
      • SAT and composite ACT scores
      • Progress toward reaching targeted graduation rate
      • Progress toward reducing dropout rates.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
        Districts may require each school to prepare an accountability report card including assessment of at least the following school conditions:
         
        • Estimated expenditures per student
        • Currency of textbooks and other instructional materials
        • Availability of qualified personnel to provide counseling and other student support services
        • An explanation of the teacher evaluation process
        • Teacher and staff training
        • Quality of school leadership
        • Safety and adequacy of school facilities
        • Classroom discipline and climate for learning
        • Achievement of any individual, team or class awards in district, state or national competition, i.e. a school wide "bragging sheet"
        • Input from parents, teachers and patrons is also required.
      Sources Indicators: IDAHO CODE § 33-4501, IDAPA 08.02.03.112.03(e)

      Illinois
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance? The indicators to assess student performance and school improvement include, but aren't limited to: 
      • Results of state and local assessment of student performance
      • Student attendance rate
      • Student mobility
      • Chronic truancy rate
      • Retention rate
      • Expulsion rates
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Number of students receiving a score of excellent on state achievement test
      • Composite and subtest means on nationally normed achievement tests for college bound students
      • Pupil-teacher and pupil-administrator ratio
      • Operating expenditure per pupil
      • District expenditure by fund
      • Local property taxes
      • General state aid and other state funding
      • Indicators of parental involvement.
      Sources Indicators: 105 ILL. COMP. STAT. §§ 5/2-3.25, 5/10-17A

      Indiana
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?  The primary indicators of high school improvement and performance are the following:
      • Indiana Statewide Testing for Educational Progress (ISTEP) English/language arts and mathematics tests at grade 10
      • English/language arts and mathematics tests at grade 9
      • ISTEP science tests and social studies tests, when implemented, at grade 9
      • Core 40 end-of-course exams
      • High schools are required to meet a minimum graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Number and percentage of students participating in the school flex program
      • Number of students who have dropped out of school and the reasons for dropping out
      • Number of student work permits revoked
      • Number of student driver's licenses revoked
      • Number of students who have not advanced to grade 10 due to a lack of completed credits
      • Number of students suspended for any reason
      • Number of students taking the advanced placement test and the percentage scoring three, four and five
      • Number of students receiving an international baccalaureate diploma
      • Financial information.
      Sources Indicators: IND. CODE ANN. §§ 20-20-8-8, 20-30-2-2; IND. ADMIN. CODE tit. 511, r. 6.2-6-2, 6.2-6-4, 6.2-6-6

      Iowa
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • The percentage of eleventh grade students achieving proficient or higher reading status using at least three achievement levels and by gender, race, socioeconomic status, students with disabilities, and other subgroups as required by state or federal law
      • The percentage of all eleventh grade students achieving proficient or higher mathematics status using at least three achievement levels and for gender, race, socioeconomic status, students with disabilities, and other subgroups as required by state or federal law
      • The percentage of all eleventh grade students achieving proficient or higher science status using at least three achievement levels
      • The percentage of students considered as dropouts for grades 7 to 12 by gender, race, students with disabilities, and other subgroups as required by state or federal law
      • The percentage of high school seniors who intend to pursue postsecondary education/training
      • The percentage of high school students achieving a score or status on a measure indicating probable postsecondary success
      • The percentage of high school graduates who complete a core program of four years of English-language arts and three or more years each of mathematics, science, and social studies
      • Attendance rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes? Baseline data on at least one districtwide assessment which is to be used for comparison every year thereafter. The report should include, at least, the following information:
      • Districtwide assessment results
      • Locally determined performance levels for at least one districtwide assessment in the areas of reading, math and science
      • Long-range goals to improve student achievement in the areas of reading, math and science
      • Annual improvement goals
      • Data on multiple assessments for reporting achievement
      • Results by individual building on the state indicators
      • Financial data
      • Progress on the use of technology.

       

      Sources Indicators: IOWA ADMIN. CODE r. 281-12.1-8(3)(b); IOWA CODE ANN. § 256.7(21)

      Kansas
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Reading assessment
      • Math assessment
      • Student attendance
      • Graduation rate
      • Qualifications of the school's teachers.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • School's accreditation status, based on state board notification of accreditation status
      • Progress the school has made in school improvement.
      Sources Indicators: KAN. ADMIN. REGS. 91-31-28; KAN. ADMIN. REGS. 91-31-33; KAN. STAT. ANN. §§ 72-6439(b)(c), 72-8204d

      Kentucky
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Math assessment
      • Reading assessment
      • Attendance rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Student academic achievement, including the results from each of the assessments administered
      • Nonacademic achievement, including the school's attendance, retention, dropout rates and student transition to adult life
      • School learning environment, including measures of parental involvement.
      Sources Indicators:  KY. REV. STAT. ANN. §158.6453 (13)(a) and (c)

      Louisiana
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Proficiency in English language arts assessment
      • Proficiency in mathematics assessment
      • Participation rate
      • Dropout rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes? The school reports include the following information:
      • School performance scores
      • Percent proficient scores
      • School progress in reaching growth targets
      • Subgroup performance.
      Sources Indicators: LA. REV. STAT. ANN. §§ 17:3911, 17:3912, LA. ADMIN. CODE tit. 28, § 2901

      Maine
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Maine Educational Assessment results in reading, writing and math
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation/completion rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Assessment data on all students enrolled in the grades tested in the district as a whole and in the grades tested in each school served by the district. Data is to be from the reading, math and science assessments and must include:

        • Percentage of students tested disaggregated by subgroups of major racial and ethnic groups, students with disabilities, limited English, economically disadvantaged, migrant and gender
        • Student achievement at each level disaggregated by the same subgroups
        • Information comparing student test scores compared to students in other schools in the district and in the state as a whole
        • Most recent two year trend data in student achievement in each grade and each subject area
      • Accountability data used in make adequate yearly progress determinations, including graduation rates for high schools disaggregated by the same subgroups
      • District information for the following three components:

        • Professional qualifications of all secondary school teachers
        • Percentage of secondary school teachers teaching with emergency or provisional credentials
        • Percentage of classes taught by highly qualified teachers in the aggregate and disaggregated by high-poverty compared to low-poverty schools which, for this purpose, means schools in the top quartile of poverty and the bottom quartile of poverty in the state.

      Sources Indicators:  ME. REV. STAT. ANN. tit 20-A CH. 3 SEC. 256; ME. CODE R. Sec. 5. 05-071-125, ME. DEPT. OF EDUCATION, Standards and Assessment

      Maryland
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • High school assessment results in geometry and English
      • School assessment data in reading and math
      • Average daily attendance rates
      • Graduation rates
      • School performance data and supporting information  (Performance data is reported with percentages in both summary form and disaggregated by race, ethnicity, gender, disability status, migrant status, English proficiency and status as economically disadvantaged.)
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Student performance data with percentages in both summary form and disaggregated by race, ethnicity, gender, disability status, migrant status, English proficiency and economic status.
      • Data from a public school student attending for less than a full academic year an alternative education program or school operated by a local school system, juvenile institution, a public charter school, a nonpublic school, Maryland's School for the Deaf or School for the Blind shall be included in the performance report of the local school system in which the student was last enrolled.
      • Data from a public school student attending for a full academic year in an alternative education program or school operated by a local school system, a juvenile institution, a public charter school, a nonpublic school, Maryland's school for the Deaf or School for the Blind shall be included in the performance report of the alternative school attended by the student and in the performance report of the local school system in which the student was last enrolled.
      Sources Indicators: MD. REGS. CODE 13A §01.04.06

      Massachusetts
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • State achievement tests
      • Alternative assessments in English language arts and math
      • High school graduation rate
      • Student attendance.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) participation
      • Student attendance
      • High school graduation rates.
      Sources Indicators: MASS. ANN. LAWS ch. 69 1I, MASS. REGS. CODE tit. 603 CMR §2.00 - 2.05

      Michigan
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • English language arts assessment score
      • Math assessment score
      • Participation rates
      • High school graduation rates.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Accreditation status of each school
      • Process by which pupils are assigned to particular schools and a description of each specialized school
      • Status of the 3- to 5-year school improvement plan
      • Copy of the core academic curriculum and a description of its implementation including how pupils are ensured enrollment in those courses or subjects necessary for them to receive adequate instruction in all of the core academic curriculum
      • Student achievement based upon the results of locally-administered student competency tests, statewide tests and nationally normed achievement tests
      • Pupil retention
      • Number and percentage of parents, legal guardians or persons in loco parentis with students enrolled in the school district who participate in parent-teacher conferences
      • For high schools:
        • Number and percentage of pupils enrolled in the school during the immediately preceding school year in a postsecondary course
        • Number and percentage of pupils enrolled in the school during the immediately preceding school year in a postsecondary course disaggregated by grade level
        • Number and percentage of those students who took a college level equivalent credit examination
        • Number and percentage of pupils taking the college level equivalent credit examination who achieved a score that is at or above the level recommended by the testing service for college credit.

       

      Sources Indicators: MICH. COMP. LAWS ANN. §§ 380.1204a, 380.1277, 380.1278 and 380.1280 (commonly referred to as Public Act 25), 388.1619

      Minnesota
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Academic achievement
      • Academic opportunity
      • School safety
      • Student participation
      • Staff characteristics
      • Student demographics
      • Attendance rate
      • Graduation rate
      • Parent satisfaction
      • Report to taxpayers.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes? Left to the discretion of the commissioner of education to identify four to six designations applicable to high and low performing public schools.  Must include:
      •  Student performance
      •  School safety
      •  Staff characteristics.
      Sources Indicators: MINN. STAT. §§ 120B.30, 120B.35, 120B.36

      Mississippi
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Results from student area testing program for math and English
      • Participation rates
      • Graduation rates.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Student achievement data in all core subjects compared with national standards
      • Clear and comparable public information on the level at which schools, school districts and the state public education system are performing
      • Absenteeism and dropout rates in each school district and the state as a whole.

       

      Sources Indicators: MISS. CODE ANN. § 37-3-53; MISS. PUBLIC SCHOOL ACCOUNTABILITY STANDARDS 2007

      Missouri
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessment in math and communication arts
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Rates of pupil attendance
      • High school dropout rate
      • High school graduation rate
      • Staffing ratios
      • Average years of experience of professional staff and advanced degrees earned
      • Data on the number of students continuing in postsecondary programs
      • Job placement for students who complete district vocational education programs
      • Student scores on SAT or ACT along with the percentage of students taking each test
      • Extracurricular activities offered and the costs associated with each extracurricular activity.

       

      Sources Indicators:  MO. REV. STAT. § 160.522, MO. CODE OF STATE REGS. § 50-340-150

      Montana
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessments in reading, math and, beginning in 2008, science
      • Participation rates
      • Graduation rate
      • Dropout rates.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • High school graduation rates by subgroup
      • Exit exam pass rates
      • Dropout rate by gender.
      Sources Indicators: ADMIN. RULES OF MONT. § 10.55.601, Small School Accountability Process - Five Year Plan

      Nebraska
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Reading assessment
      • Math assessment
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Reading assessment
      • Mathematics assessment
      • Writing assessment
      • ACT test results showing percent of state students tested, the average scores and comparison to national average scores.
      Sources Indicators: NEB. REV. STAT. § 79-760.1, NEB. ADMIN. CODE TITLE 92, CHAPTER 10

      Nevada
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessment of English language arts, math, and writing
      • Attendance rate for both students and teachers
      • Number of teachers who are employed as substitute teachers for 20 or more days in the same classroom
      • Participation rate
      • Dropout rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?

      The number and percentage of pupils who:

      • Are economically disadvantaged
      • Are from major racial or ethnic groups, have disabilities, are migrate or transient, or limited English proficient
      • Are habitual truants or habitual disciplinary problems
      • Are deficient in the number of credits required for promotion to the next grade or graduation from high school
      • Received a (1) standard diploma, (2) adult diploma, (3) adjusted diploma, or (4) certificate of attendance
      • Graduated from high school and enrolled in remedial courses at the Nevada System of Higher Education.

      In addition, indicators required include:

      • The number of incidents resulting in suspension or explusion for violence, posession of a weapon, distribution of or possession of a controlled substance, or possession of alcohol
      • The number and percentage of pupils who graduated from high school and enrolled in remedial courses at the Nevada System of Higher Education
      • The annual rate of dropouts in the eighth grade and a separate reporting of the annual rate of dropouts in grades nine to twelve excluding those who received GEDs or are enrolled in courses approved the the state department of education as meeting the requirements for an adult standard diploma
      • Pupil achievement based on the high school proficiency examination including the number and percentage of pupils who failed to pass the high school proficiency examination
      • Information on school staff and professional development
      Sources Indicators:  NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. §§ 385.3469, 385.347

      New Hampshire
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessment results for English lanuage arts and math
      • School environment indicators, such as school safety
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate
      • Dropout rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Attendance rates
      • Annual and cumulative drop-out rates of high school pubils
      • School environment indicators, such as safe-schools data
      • Number and percentage of graduating pupils going on to postsecondary education, military service and advanced placement participation
      • Performance on state tests and other standardized tests administered at local option
      • Expulsion and suspension rates, including in-school and out-of-school suspensions
      • Number and percentage of classes taught by highly qualified teachers
      • Teacher and administrative turnover rates at the school and district levels.
      Sources Indicators: N.H. REV. STAT. ANN. §§ 193-E:3, 193-H:2

      New Jersey
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessments scores for language arts and math
      • Participation rates
      • Graduation rates, calculated based on dropout rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Results of the High School Proficiency Test
      • Annual student scores on the SAT
      • Student graduation and dropout rates
      • Total student enrollment
      • Percentage of limited English proficient students
      • Percentage of students in advanced placement courses
      • Written narrative by the school principal or a designee describing any special achievements, events, problems or initiatives of the school or district
      • A profile of the most recent graduating class concerning their educational or employment plans following graduation
      • Plans and programs for professional improvement
      • Plans to carry out innovative educational programs designed to improve the quality of education.
      Sources Indicators: N.J. STAT. ANN. §§ 18A:7A-11, 18A:7E-3

      New Mexico
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Standards-based assessment score in reading/language arts, math, social studies and science
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes? Graduation rates for each school in the district indicating contributing factors to nongraduation such as transfer out of the school district, pregnancy, dropout and other factors as known.
      Sources N.M. STAT. ANN. §§ 22-1-6.1, 22-2C-4

      New York
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • English language arts and math scores on the Regents Exam
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • English and mathematics performance
      • English and mathematics participation
      • Graduation rate.
      Sources Indicators: Public School Reporting  See (m)

      North Carolina
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessment results in reading, writing and math
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes? Focus is on:
      • Student performance in courses required for graduation
      • Indicators which hold school accountable for the educational growth of their students
      • Other measures required of high schools by the State Board.
      Sources Indicators: N.C. GEN. STAT. §§ 115C-12(9)c1, 115C-105.35

      North Dakota
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • English language arts assessment
      • Mathematics assessment
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • High school graduation rates, disaggregated ethnicity and socioeconomic measures
      • Students participating in advanced math and science classes, reported by gender
      • Number of high school graduates
      • Attendance rate
      • Whether or not the school met adequate yearly progress and reasons for the ruling.
      Sources Indicators:  N.D. CENT. CODE § 15.1-06-18

      Ohio
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Reading assessment scores
      • Math assessment scores
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Student participation and performance data
      • Number of students receiving support or extracurricular services for each of the support services or extracurricular programs offered by the school
      • Average student grades in each subject in grades nine through twelve
      • For pupils in grades nine through twelve, the average number of Carnegie units, as calculated in accordance with state board of education rules
      • Graduation rates, calculated in a manner specified by the department of education that reflects the rate at which students who were in the ninth grade three years prior to the current year complete school
      • Whether or not the school and the school district have made adequate yearly progress
      • By July 2012 they will add data on college and work readiness with measurements including student performance on assessments, percentage of students earning credits in dual enrollment, percentage of students who take remedial coursework upon enrollment in a postsecondary institution.
      Sources Indicators: OHIO REV. CODE ANN. §§ 3301.0714, 3302.03, 3302.032

      Oklahoma
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Oklahoma School Testing Program scores
      • Attendance rate
      • Graduation rate
      • Dropout rate
      • Advanced Placement participation
      • ACT score and participation
      • College remediation.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes? Graduation rates for secondary school students in each of the following groups:
      • All students
      • Regular students
      • Major racial/ethnic groups
      • Economically disadvantaged
      • English language learners
      • Students with individualized education programs
      • Name of each school identified for school improvement
      • Most recent two-year trend in student achievement in each subject area.
      Sources Indicators: OKLA. STAT. tit. 70 §§ 3-118, 3-150, 3-151, 3-152

      Oregon
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Reading/Language arts assessment
      • Math assessment
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • School safety, such as expulsions involving weapons in the school
      • Students who met or exceeded standards leading to the Certificate of Initial Mastery (Certificate of Initial Mastery will be eliminated in 2008-2009 school year) 
      • Dropout rates and the number of students who dropped out of school
      • Parent and community involvement, such as volunteer hours
      • School staff information
      • Resident students who attend a public school in another school district
      • Facilities used for distance learning
      • Alternative education programs and charter schools
      • Instructional hours
      • Expenditures and funding.
      Sources Indicators: OR. ADMIN. R. § 581-022-1060; OR. REV. STAT. § 329.105

      Pennsylvania
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Math assessment scores
      • Reading assessment scores
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Mathematics and reading performance results by subgroups
      • Graduation rate by subgroups
      • Attendance rate by subgroups
      • Percentage of students who graduate or dropout and the status of graduates the year after they leave high school
      • Number of highly qualified teachers
      • Number of school professionals with emergency certification
      • Number and names of schools identified for school improvement and length of time they have been so identified.
      Sources Indicators:  P.L. 30, NO. 14, § 220, 22 PA. CODE § 4.61

      Puerto Rico
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Pruebas Puertorriquenas de Aprovechamiento Academico (PPAA) scores
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Aggregated and disaggregated subgroup information on graduation rates
      • Percentage of schools making AYP
      • Percentage of schools not making AYP
      • Breakdown of teachers by professional qualifications and those teaching with emergency or provisional credentials
      • Percentage of classes not taught by highly qualified teachers.
      Sources Indicators:  Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook, May 2003, Amended as of Sept. 2006

      Rhode Island
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Reading assessment
      • Math assessment
      • Writing assessment
      • Participation rate
      • Attendance rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Teacher attendance rates
      • Demographic profiles
      • Results of polls of students, parents and teachers
      • Descriptions of goals, initiatives and achievements
      • Best teaching practices
      • Alternative student assessments
      • Special programs
      • Number of student suspensions and teacher grievances
      • Amount of parental involvement.
      Sources Indicators: R.I. GEN. LAWS § 16-60-4 (22)

      South Carolina
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessment in English/language arts, math, science and social studies
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Student poverty levels
      • Absentee rates for students and teachers
      • Amount of instructional time
      • Principals' and teachers' professional growth plans
      • Socioeconomic status of students' families
      • Student-teacher ratios
      • Dollars spent per student
      • Scores on high school exit exams.
      Sources Indicators:  S.C. CODE ANN. § 59-18-100

      South Dakota
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Reading assessment
      • Math assessment
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Graduation rate disaggregated by student subgroups
      • Two-year trend in student achievement for each grade level
      • Information that provides a comparison between actual achievement levels and the state's annual measurable objectives
      • Percentage of students not tested disaggregated by student subgroups
      • Performance of school regarding adequate yearly progress.
      Sources Indicators: S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 13-3-51, S.D. ADMIN R. § 24:43 

      Tennessee
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • English and writing assessment
      • Math test
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Number of teachers on waiver or with special permits
      • Local financial contribution to education
      • Dropout rates in subgroups by gender and race
      • Exit assessments, including college entrance examinations, work readiness examinations, and state proficiency exams
      • Incentives and sanctions applied to local school systems.
      Sources Indicators: TN. CODE ANN. § 49-1-211

      Texas
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Assessment scores in math, English language arts, social studies and science
      • Dropout/completion rate
      • Graduation rate
      • Attendance rate
      • Percentage of graduating students passing the exit exam
      • Percentage of students who failed to perform satisfactorily on assessment tests
      • Percentage of graduating students fulfilling the requirements for the Recommended High School Program
      • Results of the SAT and ACT
      • Percentage of students in accelerated instruction
      • Percentage of exempted students from the assessment program
      • Percentage of limited English proficient students
      • Percentage of students in the special education program
      • Measure of progress toward preparation for postsecondary success.

      Performance on the indicator must be compared to state standards, required improvement and comparable improvement.

      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Academic excellence indicators
      • Administrative and instructional costs per student
      • Instructional expenditures ratio and instructional employee ratio
      • Appropriate student performance and class size information, as determined by the commissioner.
      Sources Indicators:  TX. CODE ANN. §§ 39.051, 39.052

      Utah
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Reading/language arts assessment scores
      • Mathematics assessment scores
      • Graduation rate
      • Participation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Test scores and trends over the past four years on:
        •  norm-referenced achievement tests
        •  criterion-referenced tests with scores aggregated over two years and an indication of whether there was sufficient magnitude of gain in the scores
        • writing assessments in ninth grade
        • tenth grade basic skills competency requests
      • Average grade given in each math, science, and English course in grades 9 through 12 for which criterion-referenced tests are required
      • Achievement gaps that reflect differences in achievement of various student groups
      • number and percentage of dropouts
      • Course taking patterns and trends in secondary schools
      • Student mobility
      • Staff qualifications
      • Number and percentage of parents who participate in SEP, SEOP and parent-teacher conferences
      • Average class size
      • Average daily attendance
      • Incidents of student discipline, including suspensions, expulsions and court referrals
      • Number and percent of students receiving fee waivers and the total dollar amount of fees waived.
      Sources Indicators: UTAH CODE ANN. §§ 53A-1-603, 53A-3-602.5

       


      Vermont
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • English/language arts exam
      • Reading exam
      • Math exam
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Information on progress toward meeting standards
      • Information about the health and well-being status of students in the school district
      • Information indicating progress toward meeting the goals of an annual action plan
      • Statistical information about the school or community needed to place student performance in context
      • Community support available to families
      • Information on assurance of appropriate career counseling and apprenticeship program offerings at technical centers
      • Student participation in technical education, regional job opportunities and the number of graduates from the previous year who have entered postsecondary education, the job market and the military
      • Student attendance, discipline, dropout and graduation rates
      • May include student-teacher ratio, administrator-student ratio, administrator-teacher ratio and cost per pupil.
      Sources Indicators: VT. STAT. ANN. 16 CHAPTER 3 § 165

      Virgin Islands
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Achievement and standardized test scores
      • Statistics on dropouts
      • Attendance
      • College entrance rate
      • Vocational program entrance.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Graduation rate
      • Dropout rate
      • College entrance
      • Vocational program entrance.
      Sources Indicators: U.S. Virgin Islands Compliance Agreement

      Virginia
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Annual measurable objectives in reading
      • Annual measurable objectives in mathematics
      • Graduation rate
      • Participation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Assessment results including the percentage of students tested, as well as the percentage of students not tested
      • Performance on the assessment program by student subgroups
      • Accreditation rating awarded to the school
      • Attendance rates for students
      • Information related to school safety to include incidents of physical violence, possession of firearms and other weapons
      • Qualificaitons and experience of the teaching staff including the percentage of teachers endorsed in the area of their primary teaching assignment
      • Percentage of students taking advanced placement courses and percentage taking advanced placement tests
      • Percentage of students enrolled in international baccalaureate or Cambridge programs and percentage of students who receive international baccalaureate or Cambridge diplomas
      • Percentage of students who take college-level courses including dual enrollment courses
      • Percentage of:
        • graduates by diploma types
        • certificates awarded to the senior class, including GED credentials
        • students who do not complete high school
      • Number of students obtaining industry certifications and passing state licensure examinations and occupational competency assessments while still in high school
      • Percentage of dropouts.
      Sources Indicators: 8 VA. ADMIN. CODE § 20-131-270

      Washington
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Subgroup compliance with objectives in reading/language arts and math
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • School-level and district-wide performance improvement goals and plans to achieve the goals
      • Student performance relative to the goals.

       

      Sources Indicators: WASH. REV. CODE §§ 28A.655.100, 28A.655.110

      West Virginia
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Achievement as measured by averaging the most recent three years test scores on state assessment
      • Participation rate
      • Dropout rate
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Test results from the NAEP assessment and from the statewide assessment program
      • Attendance rates for grades K-12. reported as a percentage
      • Participation rate
      • Graduation rate calculated in relation to number of ninth graders who remain in school and graduate
      • Dropout rate calculated according to the National Center for Education Statistics formula
      • Percent of students proficient in reading/language arts
      • Percent of students proficient in mathematics
      • Percentage of tenth, eleventh and twelfth grade students who took an advanced placement course
      • Percentage of tenth, eleventh and twelfth grade students who took the advanced placement exams and scored a 3 or higher
      • Percentages of students in 9-12 enrolled in foreigh language, mathematics, science, English language arts, and social studies
      • Percentage of graduates taking the ACT and the SAT test; ACT composite score will be reported and SAT math and verbal scores will be reported
      • Percentage of students in grades 9-12 by career cluster as indicated on the individualized student transition plans
      • Indicators based on expenditures, personnel qualifications and school size will be reported at school, county and state levels
      • Names of board of education members attending orientation program for new members and receiving a certification of training. 
      Sources Indicators: W.VA. CODE § 18-2E-5, W.VA. CODE ST. R. § 126 CSR 191 POLICY 2320

       


      Wisconsin
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Performance of pupils on the administered tests
      • Performance of pupils, by subject area, on the statewide assessment exams
      • Graduation rate
      • Dropout rate
      • Attendance rate
      • Retention rate
      • Percentage of habitual truants
      • Percentage of pupils participating in extracurricular or community activities
      • Percentage of pupils participating in advanced placement courses
      • Percentage of graduates enrolled in postsecondary programs
      • Percentage of graduates entering workforce assessment scores
      • Name of schools identified for school improvement.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Graduation rates based on number of graduates and number of dropouts summarized by grade, gender, race/ethnicity and disability status
      • Grade advancement summarized by grade, gender and race/ethnicity level
      • Attendance
      • Percentage of classes not taught by highly qualified teachers.
      Sources Indicators: WIS. STAT. ANN. § 115.38

      Wyoming
      Indicators for High School Accountability
      What indicators/measures of quality does the state use to determine high school performance?
      • Language arts participation rate and language arts percentage proficient and advanced
      • Mathematics participation rate and mathematics percentage proficient and advanced
      • Graduation rate.
      What indicators/measures are used for reporting purposes?
      • Graduation rate
      • Attendance rate.
      Sources Indicators: WYO. STAT. ANN. § 21-2-304(v)H



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