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Instruction and Graduation Requirements - Arts in Education

To view an updated and expanded ArtScan (2014) please visit the ArtScan website, a project of the Arts Education Partnership.

This Artscan database report highlights state arts in education policies (in statute or code) related to instruction and graduation requirements. The database does not capture arts in education policy decisions and activities at the district level.

Schools or districts required to provide arts instruction Coursework in the arts required or a stated option for high school graduation
Alabama Core Curriculum: The arts must be taught in every elementary school. (Ala.Code 1975 § 16-6B-2) Regulations governing public schools: One half credit required for high school graduation. (Ala. Admin. Code r. 290-3-1-.02)
Alaska Not found in statute or code. Not found in statute or code.
Arizona Minimum course of study: As part of the minimum course of study, Arizona districts must offer specified subjects to K-8 students, including music and visual arts. Performing and practical arts are optional. (Ariz. Admin. Code R7-2-301) Requirement for graduation: Twenty credits required for graduation, including one credit of fine arts or vocational education. (Ariz. Admin. Code R7-2-302.04)
Arkansas Safe, equitable, and accountable public schools: “(d) Every school will offer opportunities for students to be able to study and participate in the visual and performing arts, health and physical education, and languages.” (Ark. Code Ann. § 6-15-1005)

Visual art and music: By no later than June 1, 2005, every public elementary school in the state will provide instruction for no less than forty (40) minutes in visual art and no less than forty (40) minutes in music based on the state visual art and music frameworks each calendar week of the school year or an equivalent amount of time in each school year. The instruction must be provided by a licensed teacher certified to teach art or music.(Ark. Code Ann. § 6-16-130)

Core system requirements: 15-units from the Common Core are required for graduation, which includes 1/2 unit of Fine Arts. (Code Ark. R. 005 22 006)
California Areas of study, grades 1-6: Describes subjects that must be taught in grades 1-6, which include "Visual and performing arts, including instruction in the subjects of dance, music, theatre, and visual arts, aimed at the development of aesthetic appreciation and the skills of creative expression." (CA EDUC CODE § 51210)

Areas of study, grades 7-12: Describes subjects that must be offered in grades 7-12, which include "Visual and performing arts, including dance, music, theater, and visual arts, with emphasis upon development of aesthetic appreciation and the skills of creative expression." (CA EDUC CODE § 51220)

Requirements for graduation: Commencing with 1988-89 school year, requires one course in visual or performing arts or foreign language. (CA EDUC CODE § 51225.3)
Colorado Not found in statute or code. Not found in statute or code.
Connecticut Prescribed courses of study. Requires that public schools offer a program of instruction that includes the arts. (C.G.S.A. 164 § 10-16b)

Validity of certificates: This certificate authorizes the teaching of all elementary academic subjects and art, health, music, physical education and technology in the grade levels under this endorsement. After July 1, 1995, elementary teachers are not authorized to be the sole provider for art, health, music or physical education. (Conn. Agencies Regs. § 10-145d-435)

Graduation requirement: Commencing with classes graduating in 1988, and for each graduating class thereafter, no local or regional board of education shall permit any student to graduate from high school or grant a diploma to any student who has not satisfactorily completed a minimum of twenty credits, including not fewer than one in the arts or vocational education. (C.G.S.A. 170 § 10-221a)
Delaware Instructional program requirements - Visual and performing arts: Local school districts and each charter school shall provide instructional programs in the visual and performing arts for each grade K-12. (Code Del. Regs. 14 503,6.0)

State Content Standards: Public schools must offer instructional programs aligned with state standards, which include Visual and Performing Arts Content Standards. (Code Del. Regs. 14 501)

Not found in statute or code.
District of Columbia Music and art:High school graduation requirements include .5 credits in music and .5 credits in art. (DCMR Title V, Chapter 22, § 2203.1) Graduation requirement: High school graduation requirements include .5 credits in music and .5 credits in art. (DCMR Title V, Chapter 22, § 2203.1)
Florida Required instruction: School boards must provide all courses required for graduation and appropriate instruction to ensure students meet state standards in reading/language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages, health and physical education, and the arts. (F.S.A. § 1003.42) General requirements for high school graduation: Students must complete an International Baccelaureate program or 24 credits in grades 9-12 to graduate. The 24 credits must include one credit in performing arts or one-half credit in practical arts and one-half credit in performing arts. (F.S.A. § 1003.43)
Georgia Not found in statute or code. High school graduation requirements: College Preparatory and Technology/Career-Preparatory diplomas: One unit in computer technology and/or fine arts and/or technology/career preparatory and/or foreign language are required for these two diploma options. Georgia does not have a "standard" diploma but four options.(GA COMP. R. & REGS. r. 160-4-2-.30)
Hawaii Not found in statute or code.

High school graduation requirements: Beginning in 2006-07 year, graduation requirements include two credits in one of the specified courses for world language, fine arts or career and technical education. (Hawaii State Board Policy 4540)

Idaho Other required instruction: Schools are required to offer the fine arts to students in grades 1-6, and instruction is required for all students. (ID ADC 08.02.03.104) High school graduation standards: Students must complete "credit and achievement standards in at least two of [six] areas of instructional offerings," of which one is "Fine and Performing Arts." (ID ADC 08.02.03.104)

Students must complete 42 semester credits to graduate, including 2 in the humanities, which may include visual and performing arts. (ID ADC 08.02.03.107)
Illinois Accountability framework: Requires each school district to ensure that each school makes available to all students instruction in the six fundamental learning areas, which include the fine arts. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.10)

Additional criteria for high schools: Districts must provide a comprehensive curriculum that includes, among other things, music and art. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.440)

Additional criteria for high schools: Students must complete one year of instruction chosen from music, art, foreign language or vocational education. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.440)
Indiana Balanced curriculum: The fine arts are mandated as part of a balanced curriculum, kindergarten through high school. (511 IAC 6.1-5) Academic Honors Diploma: Requirements for an academic honors diploma include 2 credits of fine arts. (511 IAC 6-7-6.5)
Iowa General educational standards: Music and visual art must be taught in grades 1-8. Schools districts must provide an educational program for grades 9-12 that includes three units in fine arts, including at least two of the following: dance, music, theatre and visual art. (Iowa Code § 256.11) Not found in statute or code.
Kansas

School accreditation requirements: Schools must offer art instruction to become accredited; otherwise, sanctions are applied. School accreditation criteria includes offering "programs and services to support student learning and growth at both the elementary and secondary levels," including fine arts. (Kan. Admin. Regs. 91-31-32)

Graduation requirements: Beginning July 1, 2005, each local board of education shall adopt a written policy specifying that pupils are eligible for graduation only upon completion of several requirements, including one credit in fine arts. (Kan. Admin. Regs. 91-31-35)
Kentucky

Program of studies: The Kentucky Board of Education must establish courses of study for the different grades and kinds of common schools, with the courses of study to comply with the expected outcomes for students and schools established in Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 158.6451. (704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 3:303)

Minimum requirements for high school graduation: Beginning with the graduating class of 2002, each student in a common school must have a total of at least twenty-two (22) credits for high school graduation. Those credits shall include a one-credit course in the history and appreciation of visual and performing arts, or another arts course that incorporates this content. (704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 3:305)

Core curriculum definition: "'Core curriculum' means at least one (1) course in at least four (4) of the six (6) following subject areas: English, science, mathematics, social studies, foreign language, and the arts." (Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.007)

Minimum requirements for high school graduation: Beginning with the graduating class of 2002, each student in a common school must have a total of at least twenty-two (22) credits for high school graduation. Those credits shall include a one-credit course in the history and appreciation of visual and performing arts, or another arts course which incorporates this content. (704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 3:305)

Louisiana Foundation in fundamentals: The elementary grades shall provide a foundation in fundamentals of the language arts, mathematics, social studies, science, health, physical education, and cultural arts.
Grades 1-6: Health, music, arts and crafts required minimum 150 minutes per week.
Grades 7-8: Health, music, arts and crafts required minimum 125-250 minutes per week. (La. Admin. Code tit. 28 CXV Bulletin 741 § 2313 (D through F))
Not found in statute or code.
Maine Elementary course of study: Prescribes a basic course of study for elementary schools that includes visual and performing arts. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A, § 4711)

Secondary schools -- General requirement: Prescribes a basic course of study that all high schools must provide for all students, which includes visual and performing arts, among other subjects. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A § 4721)

System of learning results: By the end of the 2002-2003 school year, each school district's comprehensive education plan had to include implementation for career preparation, foreign languages and visual and performing arts, including interim targets for partial implementation. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A § 6209)

High school diploma requirements: Prior to the start of the 2006-07 school year, students must complete 16 credits for a diploma, including one in fine arts. Beginning in 2006-07, students must meet state content standards (Learning Results) in core subject areas that do not include fine arts, as determined by local assessments. In 2009-10, students must meet the content standards in all areas, including visual and performing arts. (Code Me. R. 05-071 Ch. 127, § 7)

Maryland Fine arts programs, grades K-12: Each local school system shall provide an instructional program in fine arts each year for all students in grades K-8. Each student must have the opportunity to participate in fine arts instructional programs. Local school systems must also provide fine arts education curriculum guides to elementary, middle and high schools. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01)

High school course offerings: Each local school system will offer fine arts instructional programs in grades 9 – 12 which shall enable students to meet graduation credit requirements and to select fine arts electives. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01.A)

Arts education curriculum guides: Each of the local school systems must provide fine arts education curriculum guides for the elementary, middle, and high schools under its jurisdiction. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01.C)

Graduation requirements: To be awarded a diploma, a student must be enrolled in a Maryland public school system and must have earned a minimum of 21 credits – including one credit in visual arts, music, theater, or dance, or a combination of these. (COMAR 13A.03.02.04.A)
Massachusetts Instruction in art and music: Every town must maintain a sufficient number of schools to educate the town's eligible students. "Such schools shall be taught by teachers of competent ability and good morals, and shall give instruction and training in orthography, reading, writing, the English language and grammar, geography, arithmetic, drawing, music, the history and constitution of the United States, the duties of citizenship, health education, physical education and good behavior." (Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 71, § 1) Not found in statute or code.
Michigan Not found in statute or code. High school graduation requirements: At least 1 credit in visual arts, performing arts, or applied arts beginning with pupils entering grade 8 in 2006. (Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 1278a(1)(a)(iv).
Minnesota Compulsory instruction: Instruction must be provided in "basic communication skills including reading and writing, literature, and fine arts." (Minn. Stat. 120A § 22)

Required academic standards: Requires districts to offer instruction in a number of subject areas for purposes of statewide accountability. Public elementary and middle schools must offer at least three, and require at least two, of the following four arts areas: dance, music, theater and visual arts. Public high schools must offer at least three and require at least one of the following five arts areas: media arts; dance; music; theater; and visual arts." (Minn. Stat. 120B § 021)

Graduation requirements: Students beginning in the 2004-2005 school year and later must successfully complete the following high school level course credits for graduation: …(5) one credit in the arts… A course credit is equivalent to a student successfully completing an academic year of study or a student mastering the applicable subject matter, as determined by the local school district. (Minn. Stat. 120B § 024)

Mississippi Accreditation Requirements: The basic curriculum of each elementary or middle school (any configuration of grades K-8) consists of reading/language arts, mathematics, science, social studies and the arts. High school students must complete one Carnegie unit in the arts to graduate. (MS ADC 36 000 069)

Accountability standards: Required course offerings in which specific skills contained in the Mississippi Curriculum Frameworks must be taught include the academic core subjects of English/language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages, and arts. (Miss. Code Ann. § 37-17-1 and § 37-18-1) (MS ADC 36 000 097)

Kindergarten curriculum: "The curriculum shall include integrated language arts (reading, listening, thinking, speaking, writing, and viewing), music, art, math, social studies, science, dramatic play, and physical activities." (MS ADC 36 000 071)

Accreditation requirements: Students must complete one Carnegie unit in the arts in order to graduate (Appendix A). (MS ADC 36 000 069)
Missouri Arts instruction: Elementary students must receive 50 minutes of art instruction each week by teachers certified in this field. Junior High/Middle School students must have access to art and music for a minimum of 1,500 minutes each year. High Schools must offer a minimum of 2.0 units of credit in Fine Arts. (Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 5, § 30-345.100 and 5, § 50-345.010)(MO Ann. Stat. § 161.092)(Missouri School Improvement Program, Integrated Standards & Indicators Manual, 2001) School improvement standards: At least one unit of credit in the fine arts (music, visual arts, dance or theater) is required for graduation. (MO. ANN. STAT. § 170.011)(Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 5, § 30-345.010)
Montana Arts and program area standards: Program area standards means the subject matter Montana school districts are required to offer and the strategies and proven practices used to instruct. The standards include: communication arts, arts, health enhancement, mathematics, science, social studies, career and vocational/technical education, technology, workplace competencies, library media, world languages and school counseling. (ARM tit. 10-55 §602.11) Graduation requirements In order to meet the content and performance standards, the following 13 units shall be part of the 20 units required for all students to graduate: (f) 1 unit of arts. (ARM tit. 10-55 § 905)
Nebraska Curriculum: Elementary, middle and high schools must offer a curriculum that includes music and visual arts. (Neb. Admin. Code tit. 92-10, § 007.01A2)

Secondary instructional program: The instructional program in grades 9-12 requires 40 instructional units which include, each year, instruction in vocal music, instrumental music, and art. Ten instructional units are defined as equal to one year of daily classes. (Neb. Admin. Code tit. 92-10, § 007.01A2)

Not found in statute or code.
Nevada Prescribed courses of study: The Nevada State Board of Education prescribes the courses of study for elementary schools, which include art and music. (Nev. Admin. Code ch. 389, § 195) (Nev. Rev. Stat. 385.080, 385.110)

By the end of third and fifth grades, students must know and be able to do everything required in the previous grades, and instruction must be designed so that pupils meet the standards of performance. (Nev. Admin. Code ch. 389, § 272 and Nev. Admin. Code ch. 389, § 2949) (Nev. Rev. Stat. 385.080, 389.520)
Required courses of study: State statute prescribes courses of study required for high school graduation. This rule includes additional course requirements prescribed by the state board of education, including "arts and humanities or occupational education." (Nev. Admin. Code ch. 389, § 450)

Arts and humanities: The required course of study in arts and humanities may be one of the following: visual arts, music, theater, foreign language or other courses submitted to and approved by the State Board of Education. (Nev. Admin. Code ch. 389, § 452)

New Hampshire Arts education program: Local school boards must ensure that an art program is developed and offered for grades K-12 that provides: "Systematic and sequential instruction in the arts disciplines of music and visual art, while developing opportunities for dance and theatre..." (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.31)

Unit of credit: High schools must offer three credits of arts education. (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.23)

Graduation requirements: Includes half a credit in arts education for high school graduation. (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.23)
New Jersey

Core curriculum content standards: Content standards specify expectations in nine academic content areas: the visual and performing arts, comprehensive health and physical education, language arts literacy, mathematics, science, social studies, world languages, technological literacy, and career education and consumer, family, and life skills. (N.J. Admin.Code tit. 6A § 8-1.1)

Curriculum and instruction: In New Jersey, equitable access to arts instruction can only be achieved if the four arts disciplines are offered throughout the K-12 spectrum. At the K-6 level, it is the expectation that students are given broad-based exposure through instruction as well as opportunities for participation in each of the four arts forms. In grades 7-8, they should gain greater depth of understanding in at least one of those disciplines. In grades 9-12, it is the expectation that students demonstrate competency in at least one arts discipline. These expectations translate into curricular requirements for schools. (N.J. Admin. Code 6A § 8-3.1)

Graduation requirements: District boards of education must develop, adopt and implement graduation requirements for Option 1 and/or Option 2 and for Option 3. Option 1 includes participation in a local program of study of not fewer than 110 credits in courses designed to meet all of the Core Curriculum Content Standards, including, but not limited to, the following credits: (6) At least 10 credits in visual, performing, and/or practical arts effective with the 2001-2002 grade nine class and for those entering grade nine. Option 2 and 3 do not necessarily, but may, require courses in the arts. (N.J. Admin. Code tit. 6A § 8-5.1)
New Mexico Minimum instructional areas required: Public schools must provide instruction in art and music in grades 1-8. (N. M. S. A. 1978, § 22-13-1)

Standards for excellence: All fourth, fifth and sixth grade classes must provide instruction in a variety of areas, including art and music. (N.M. Admin. Code tit. 6 § 30.2)

Not found in statute or code.
New York Program requirements in grades one through four: During grades one through four, all students must receive instruction that is designed to facilitate their attainment of the state elementary learning standards including in the arts, visual arts, music, dance and theatre. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 8, § 100.3)

Program requirements for grades five and six: During grades five and six, all students must receive instruction that is designed to facilitate their attainment of the state intermediate learning standards in the seven general curriculum areas, including visual arts, music, dance and theater. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R & Regs. Tit. 8, sec. 100.4(b))

Program requirements for grades seven and eight: All students must be provided with instruction to enable them to meet state standards in, among other things, the arts, including one half unit of study in the visual arts, and one half unit of study in music. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 8, § 100.4)

Program requirements for Regents or local high school diploma: Students first entering grade nine in the 2001-2002 school year, but prior to the 2008-2009 school year, must have earned at least 22 units of credit to receive either a Regents or local high school diploma, including visual arts and/or music, dance, or theatre, one unit of credit. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R & Regs. Tit. 8, sec. 100.5(a)(3)(v))

Diploma requirements: Students first entering grade nine in the 2005-2006 school year and thereafter must earn 22 units of credit, including one unit in visual arts and/or music, dance, or theatre. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 8, § 100.5)
North Carolina Basic Education Program: The Basic Education Program describes the education program that must be offered to every student. Instruction must be offered in several areas, including the arts." (N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-81)

Duties of teachers: "It shall be the duty of all teachers...to provide for singing in the school, and so far as possible to give instruction in the public school music." ((N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-307)

Career prep course of study: The career prep course of study requires 4 units in career/technical education, which must be in a career concentration or pathway that leads to a specific career field and which must include a second-level (advanced) course; or 4 units in 1 of the 4 arts disciplines: theatre, music, visual arts or dance; or 4 units in R.O.T.C."(N.C. Admin. Code tit. 16, r. 6D.0503)

State graduation requirements: "All students are encouraged, but not required, to include at least one elective course in arts education." (N.C. Admin. Code tit. 16, r. 6D.0503)

North Carolina Academic Scholars Program: Students who successfully complete the requirements of an academically challenging high school program will be named North Carolina Academic Scholars and receive special recognition. The program requires 1 unit of credit in arts education (dance, music, theatre arts or visual arts). (N.C. Admin. Code tit. 16, r. 6D.0503; N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-81; NC State Board of Education Policy HSP-L-003)

North Dakota High schools -- Required units: In order to be approved by the superintendent of public instruction, public and private high schools must make available to each student one unit of music (through June 2005) and two units of fine arts, at least one of which must be music (after June 2005). (N.D. Cent. Code § 15.1-21-02) Not found in statute or code.
Ohio Curriculum required: Requires school boards to prescribe a curriculum for grades K-6 that includes the fine arts, including music. (Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3313.60)

Educational program standards: "Pupils in grade eight and below shall have the opportunity for scheduled instruction, institutional programs, or approved options to receive at least eighty minutes per week each in two or more of the following: art, health, music." (Ohio Admin. Code § 3301-30-03)

Minimum standards: Requires school districts to implement a district-wide curriculum and instructional program that includes fine arts. (Ohio Admin. Code § 3301-35-04)

Arts electives: 21 units required for graduation, including 7 units of electives, including one unit or two half-units in business/technology, fine arts and/or foreign language. (Ohio Admin. Code § 3301-35-04)
Oklahoma State Board of Education--Option for high school graduation: Students must complete a core curriculum that includes 2 credits in the arts. (70 Okl.St.Ann. § 11-103.6) State Board of Education--Option for high school graduation: Students must complete a core curriculum that includes 2 credits in the arts. (70 Okl.St.Ann. § 11-103.6)

Program of studies and graduation requirements: To graduate, students must complete 23 credits or sets of competencies, including 2 credits in the arts. (Okla. Admin. Code 210:35-9-31)

Oregon Academic content standards: School districts and charter schools must offer instruction that meets state standards in several subject areas, including the arts. (Or. Rev. Stat. § 329.045)

District curriculum: Each school district must provide a planned K-12 instructional program. The planned K-12 instructional program must include the Common Curriculum Goals and academic content standards to include…(E) The arts. (Or. Admin. R. 581-022-1210(1))

Graduation requirements: Each school board will award diplomas to all students who fulfill all state requirements and all local school district requirements as described in district school board policies…(2) Unit of Credit Requirements:(a) Each student must earn a minimum of 22 units of credit to include at least…(G) One unit of Applied Arts, Fine Arts or Second Language. (Or. Admin. R.581-022-1130(1))
Pennsylvania Elementary education: primary and intermediate levels: Every student in the primary (up to age 8) and intermediate (up to age 11) programs must receive instruction every year in the arts - visual arts, music, dance and theater. (22 Pa. Code § 4.21)

Middle level education: Every student in the middle level program (ages 11-14) must receive instruction every year in the arts - visual arts, music, dance and theater. (22 Pa. Code § 4.22)

High School Education: Every student must be provided with instruction in the arts, including visual arts, music, dance, theater and the humanities. (22 Pa. Code § 4.23)

Compulsory school attendance: School-age children who attend a day school operated by a church or other religious body, must receive instruction in art and music. (24 P.S. § 13-1327)

Home Education Program: A child enrolled in a home education program at the elementary or secondary level must receive instruction in music and art. (24 P.S. § 13-1327.1)

Not found in statute or code.
Rhode Island Basic Education Program: Public schools must provide instruction in art and music K-12. (Section 6, art education and Section 17, music education). Document is not available online. Graduation requirement: One-half credit unit in the arts is required for high school graduation. (R.I. Code R. 08 500 001)
South Carolina Defined program, grades K-5: School districts must provide a basic curriculum for students in grades K-5 that includes instruction in visual and performing arts. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-231)

Defined program, grades 6-8: School districts must provide a basic curriculum for students in grades 6-8 that includes instruction in visual and performing arts. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-232)

Defined program, grades 9-12: High schools must offer courses in visual and performing arts. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-234.)

School-to-Work Transition Act Regulations: Course offerings in grades 9-12 for college prep and/or tech prep must include visual/performing arts/band. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-225)

Not found in statute or code.
South Dakota Not found in statute or code. Graduation requirements: One unit of fine arts is required for high school graduation. (S.D. Admin. R. 24:43:11:02)
Tennessee

Fine arts -- Grades K-8: The visual arts and music programs, provided annually, must be based on state curriculum standards and must be developmentally appropriate. Instruction in theater arts and dance may be incorporated into the curriculum consistent with state curriculum standards (Rule 0520-1-3-.05 (g)(5)

Fine arts graduation requirement: Students who elect the university preparation curriculum must complete 1 unit of fine arts (visual arts, music, theater, dance). Courses must be based on the state curriculum standards. 0520-1-3-.05-6(g)(1-4)

Fine arts graduation requirement: Students who elect the university preparation curriculum shall complete 1 unit of fine arts (visual arts, music, theater, dance). Courses must be based on the state curriculum standards. (Tenn. Comp. R & Regs. 0520-1-3-.05-6(g)(1-4))

Texas Essential knowledge and skills: A school district that offers kindergarten through grade 12 must offer a required curriculum consisting of (1) a foundation curriculum that includes English/language arts, mathematics, science and social science, and (s) an enrichment curriculum that includes, among other things, fine arts. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.1) (Tex. [Educ.] Code Ann. § 28.002)

Required elementary curriculum: A district that offers kindergarten through grade 5 must offer the required foundation and enrichment curriculum, and must ensure sufficient time is provided for teachers to teach and students to learn the curriculum. Districts and schools must offer standards-based art, music and theater at all elementary grade levels. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.2 and Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 117(A))

Required secondary curriculum: Districts offering grades 6-8 and/or 9-12 must offer the required foundation and enrichment curriculum, and must ensure sufficient time is provided for teachers to teach and students to learn the curriculum. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.3)b. All high schools must offer two of the four fine arts content areas (art, dance, music, and theatre). (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19 § 74.3)

Fine arts requirement: One credit of fine arts is required to graduate from high school under the Recommended High School Program and Distinguished Achievement High School Program-Advanced High School Program. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19 § 74.43, 74.44, 75.53, 75.54)

Elective credit: Fine arts may serve as an elective credit for high school graduation under the Minimum High School Program, Recommended High School Program, and Distinguished Achievement High School Program-Advanced High School Program. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19 § 74.42, 74.43, 74.44, 75.53, 75.54)

Utah Core curriculum: School boards must establish a core curriculum that includes the arts for students in grades 3-6 and in middle school. School districts must establish a core curriculum for students in grades 9-12 that includes 1.5 credits in the arts. (Utah Admin. Code 277-700) Graduation requirements: High school graduation requirements include 1.5 units in the arts, from any of the following performance areas: visual arts, music, dance and theater. (Utah Admin. Code 277-700)
Vermont School quality standards: "Each elementary school offering education in grades K-6 shall provide students with programs at least twice weekly, or the equivalent thereof, in both the arts and physical education." (Vt. Code R. 2120.8.2.3)

"Each school offering education in grades 7 and 8 shall provide students with ... one-half year of instruction in each of the following: the arts, family and consumer science, and technology education or the equivalent." (Vt. Code R. 2120.8.2.3)

Schools offering education in grades 9-12 must provide the equivalent of at least four years of study in each of several areas, including art and music. One year of the arts is required for graduation. (Vt. Code R. 22 000 003)(Vt. Code R. 2120.8.2.3)

School quality standards: Effective June 2005, a student meets the requirements for graduation if the student demonstrates that he or she has attained or exceeded state standards (which include the arts) or the student has successfully completed at least 20 Carnegie units, including one year of the arts. (Vt. Code R. 2120.8.1)
Virginia Instructional programs: Local school districts must offer a K-12 program of instruction that includes fine arts, and must incorporate art, music and physical education as part of the instructional program at the elementary level. (Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1)

Elementary schools: Each elementary school must provide instruction in art and music. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-80)

Middle schools: Each middle school must provide instruction in art and music. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-90)

Instructional program in secondary schools: High schools must offer students opportunities to pursue a program of studies in fine arts. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-100)

Requirements for graduation: For a Standard or Advanced Studies Diploma students must complete one standard unit of credit in Fine Arts or Practical Arts. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-50)
Washington Mandatory areas of study: School districts must provide an opportunity for high school students to take at least one course in each of several areas of study, including art and music. (Wash. Admin. Code § 180-50-115) Minimum requirements for high school graduation: One credit in the arts is required for graduation. (Wash. Admin. Code § 180-51-061)
West Virginia Arts in curriculum: Allows but does not require daily instruction in visual art and music in grades K-2. Requires instruction in visual art and music in grades 3-4, with frequency sufficient for students to meet state standards.

For grades 5-8, the required courses (includes visual art and music) are considered part of the encore curriculum and must be taught at each grade level each year as separate subjects with adequate time to achieve mastery of the content standards and objectives.

The following elective courses must be offered to students in grades 9-12 in at least alternating years: Four sequential levels of student achievement in music (both choral and instrumental), visual art (general art and/or studio art), dance, theatre. (W. Va. Code St. R. § 126-42-6)

Understanding of the creative arts: "The system of education shall provide opportunity for every child to develop...an understanding of the creative arts." (W. Va. Code St. R. § 126-42-3)

Graduation requirement: One credit in the arts required for graduation. (W. Va. Code St. R. § 126-42-6)
Wisconsin District standards: School districts must offer a kindergarten program for all 5-year-olds in the district that includes opportunities for learning basic concepts and skills in fine arts. School boards must ensure that regular instruction in grades 5-8 is provided in, among other subjects, art and music. Art and music instruction in elementary schools must be by or under the supervision of certified art and music teachers. Instruction in art and music in middle and high schools must be provided by certified art and music teachers. (Wis. Admin. Code § PI 8.01)

Educational expectations: School boards must provide an instructional program designed to give pupils a basic body of knowledge that includes information and concepts in, among other things, the arts. (Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.01)

District standards: School boards must, in grades 9-12, provide access to an educational program that enables pupils each year to study, among other subjects, art and music. (Wis. Stat. Ann. § 121.02)

Not found in statute or code.
Wyoming Educational programs for schools: Each school district must provide educational programs sufficient to meet student content and performance standards in, among other subjects, fine arts and performing arts. (Wyo. Stat. Ann. 1977 § 21-9-101) Not found in statute or code.


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